Bacterial And Viral Infections Essay Research Paper — страница 2

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Corporis is contracted through direct or indirect contact with skin of an infected person. It is also transmitted through floors, shower stalls, benches that are contaminated. A less common way in sports, but a way none the less is through petting infected puppies or kittens. Athletes are very susceptible to contracting ringworm because of the body to body contact they endure on a daily basis. The moist portion of the lesion is potent with the disease and that mixed with sweat can get everywhere. Athletic Trainers can spot Ringworm from the Swim team to the basketball team. However the greatest number of individuals who get ringworm every year in athletics are the wrestlers. They have constant close contact and fluids are spread from the infected person, to his opponent, then his

opponent wrestles another person and so on and so on. The mats are contaminated and when the wrestlers come into the Training Room, the tables are contaminated as well. The signs and symptoms of Ringworm begin with red, slightly 5 elevated scaly patches. The lesions are ring shaped and new patches arise on the periphery while the central area clears up. This leads to the “ringworm appearance”. A great number of people believe there is actually a worm growing under the surface of the skin but this is entirely untrue. The periphery may be dry and scaly or moist and crusted. Tinea Corporis is found usually in non-hairy areas like the face, trunk, arms and legs. Treatment for this condition is very similar to that off Tinea Pedis. Wash the area frequently with soap and water.

Apply OTC topical anti-fungal cream to the affected area as directed. Many Training Rooms are already equipped with this cream. The athlete should be excluded from swimming pools and activities that could expose others, including practice while the lesion is open. If the athlete must participate in practice, make sure the area is completely and properly covered. A bioclusive covering, bandage or tape can be used to dress the area. By the time athletes, especially wrestlers, reach the collegiate level of competition they basically know if they have ringworm. Daily self-examination of the athlete can catch the red patch in its early stages and proper care can begin immediately to 6 prevent spreading to other teammates. There are products out on the market that can help prevent

transmission of Tinea Corporis. An example of this is Kenshield. It is a foam that when applied becomes an invisible protectant and barrier. Kenshield is specifically designed for athletics and won’t wash away with perspiration. However, these products can be expensive. A 22oz. Can of Kenshild, for example, is $18.00. This product isn’t just for athletes but is extremely useful in protecting Athletic Trainers themselves. In addition to Tinea Pedis and Corporis, Conjunctivitis(pink eye) is very common in Athletics. Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, which the name would suggest. The conjunctiva is a moist, delicate membrane that lines the inside of the eyelids and covers the whites of the eyes. The fluids in an infected eye is extremely contagious. A person

may only have conjunctivitis in one eye but if they itch the infected one and then rub the other, the infection is that easily spread. If an athlete touches their eye and then hugs someone or touches a doorknob, other people are at risk of becoming infected. Using other athlete’s clothes, towels, 7 eye makeup or sunglasses can put him or her at increased odds. Conjunctivitis can commonly spread like wildfire throughout a swimming team because of the sharing of goggles and towels. Sometimes the redness that is the first symptom is commonly mistaken for irritation from the chlorine in the pool. Signs and symptoms of Conjunctivitis include scratchy or painful sensation, tearing, and itchy and swollen eyes. The eye is excessively red, resembling a “bloodshot eye”. The most

defining sign is difficulty opening eyes in the morning because the lids are “crusted” shut from mucous. There are two kinds of Conjunctivitis: viral and bacterial. Both produce very similar symptoms but the bacterial strain symptoms appear between 24-72 hours after exposure whereas the viral strain can range anywhere from 12 hours to 12 days. There are not many ways to treat Conjunctivitis. Sometimes, if left untreated, can run its course in a few days but a majority opt to see a doctor to receive eye drops. To prevent spread of pink eye, encourage your athletes not to share anything that would come close to touching the eye. Catching pink eye in the first day or so and starting treatment, the athlete may 8 prevent the spreading of the infection to the other eye or to other