Bacterial And Viral Infections Essay Research Paper

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Bacterial And Viral Infections Essay, Research Paper Being part of the Sports Medicine profession, Athletic Trainers have to be ready for anything and everything when it comes to treating their athletes. This includes recognition, evaluation, education and prevention of various problems. One specific aspect of this is having a basic knowledge of contagious diseases that is seen all too commonly in Athletics. Some examples of this include Tinea Pedis(Athlete’s Foot), Conjunctivitis(pink eye), and Tinea Corporis(ringworm). Although these conditions aren’t life threatening, they are bothersome and can mean removal from play for the individual. Early recognition by the athlete and Athletic Trainer means immediate treatment and loss of practice can be kept to a minimum. Tinea

Pedis, commonly known as “Athlete’s Foot”, is one of the most prevalent and distinguishable conditions a person can contract. Over 10% of the population develops Athlete’s Foot every year and 75% of the US population will have Athlete’s Foot sometime in their lives(Hamann, 1994). It rarely occurs before puberty and is found more frequently in adolescent and young adult males. Tinea Pedis is commonly contracted by walking barefoot on wet 2 floors around swimming pools and public showers that are contaminated. These areas stay warm and moist all the time and this promotes abundant growth of the fungi. While all athletes are prone to this problem because of profuse sweating on a daily basis, swimmers are the source of a great number of Tinea Pedis cases. Diagnosis of

Athlete’s Foot is usually made from history and clinical examination. Microscopic examination of a wet mount of skin scrapings in a 10% potassium hydroxide solution can reveal branching fungal forms, thus confirming the diagnosis. It is mostly found between the third and fourth and fourth and fifth toes but may extend onto the plantar or dorsal forefoot. As stated above, moist environment promotes the growth of the fungi and gram-negative bacteria that is also present on the skin in these areas. The normal acidity of the skin is decreased, which favors the growth of these pathogens. Fungi initially damage the outer layer of the epidermis and that causes the dry and scaly Athlete’s foot appearance. As the action of fungi and bacteria continue, inflammation increases and fluid

may be excreted from the affected areas. This causes more pain, redness and itching. If left untreated, bacterial growth could predominate and lead 3 to erosion of the plantar skin. Some signs and symptoms of Tinea Pedis are moist, soft red or gray-white scales on the feet, cracked, peeling and dead skin areas. Sometimes small blisters can form on the foot and itching is common. There are several self-care procedures for Athlete’s Foot. Wash feet two times a day and dry well. Apply OTC anti-fungal powder, cream or spray between toes, socks and shoes. Wear clean socks made of cotton or wool because the natural fibers absorb some of the moisture. Change socks during the day to help feet stay dry and wear shoes that provide some ventilation, like sandals. Finally alternate shoes

daily to let each pair air out between wearings. If symptoms do not subside after doing all of the above, send the athlete to a physician for further evaluation and treatment. To lessen the odds of your athletes contracting Athlete’s Foot, educate them on prevention. An Athletic Trainer can describe signs and symptoms of this condition so the athletes can catch it in its early stages. They are the ones looking at their feet every day. An effective way to stop the spread Athlete’s Foot is to wear sandals in locker rooms, showers and on the pool deck. 4 Also from the Tinea family, Tinea Corporis(ringworm) is found all too common in athletes. Once again males are more often infected than females. The organisms that cause ringworm can live in humans, animals and soil. Tinea