Bach Essay Research Paper Bach is considered — страница 2

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his works would not have been half as influential. Elsewhere in Germany, Georg Friedrich Handel was born in Halle on the 23rd of theFebruary, just 26 days before. Also in thesame year Dominico Scarlatti was born, though they are not to meet until very much later.At this time a lot of the music was stillin the early Baroque style, crisp and simple. The leading composers at the time wasClaudio Monteverdi, Henry Purcell andthe Italian masters. In Theuringia, the region Bach was living in, there were not much inthe way of opera-buffs, for this brings inthe fashionable Italian influence. They were rightly proud of being the true “German”baroque – instrumental music and sacredvocal music of a thicker texture, serious tone. The advent of the chorale (German Hymn)had certainly

contributed to this trend ofconservative musicians. From the very beginning Johann Sebastian was not exposed toopera, and had never studied abroad. It ispossibly for this reason he did not write a single opera for performance at a court, nor didhe ever work for the theatre during hisrelatively long lifespan. After his days at the Lateinschule, he was educated at the Eisenach Grammar School, anddid well at school, showing a stronginclination toward theology. In the early 1690s, Bach’s family had suffered heavy losses:first of all the loss of 2 of his brothers, andshortly followed by his mother. His father remarried with Barbara MargarethaBartholomaei, but he was only to pass away 3months later. At this time Bach was already a competent violinist who had taken up theviola that

was to be his main stringinstrument for the rest of his life, and he had a fair knowledge of music theory. When hewas sent to Johann Christopher inOhrdruf, he was given keyboard instructions. On his arrival, he was enrolled in the thirdclass at the old Klosterschule, with thereformed timetable where geography, music and natural sciences were also taught. Severalmoves were to follow, possibly due toa lack of money on Johann Christoph’s part. He contemplated university education, butdecided against it. It was not until 1702when he was 17 he began to look for a more permanent position and started to develop hiscareer as a phallic musician. In 1703 hefound employment at the court of Weimar as a minor violinist, but was often called tosubstitute the organist which reflects

hisexceptional abilities. At the time of Bach, the society was very much based on the “Lord of the Manor”concept, even in Germany. Musicians were aspecial sort of servant, who also had to be faithful to their masters and had to wearuniform at work. If one was born in aparticular province, and the land happened to belong to the local Duke, one was to be hisservant. Although the servants aregenerally fairly well looked after, there was still little freedom, and one could not changetrade easily. In 1703, after testing the new organ in the church of St Boniface of Arnstadt, 20 milessouth-west of Weimar, he was invited tobecome the organist and choirmaster there with a good salary. He was allowed to test theorgan as he had family connexion inArnstadt – a few distant relatives as

well as his stepmother Barbara Margaretha. Theywere so impressed by his mastery that anappointment was made on the spot. After that he often had contracts as an organconsultant. For only an organ-master wouldknow how to adjust precisely the wind pressure and such components for the newly-builtorgan to sound best with the acoustics. In1705 he obtained a month’s leave to hear Buxtehude play and direct the famousAbendmusiken at Lubeck, returning only somemonths later. He was interested in succeeding Buxtehude as the organist there, but refusedwhen he found out that he had tomarry Buxtehude’s daughter, Anna Margaretha! Handel was known to have refused thepost for exactly the same reason. In anycase, the church council was not pleased with his late return, and the congregation

dislikedthe innovation he introduced into the services, and he soon made a move to Mahlhausen, a free-city 36 miles north-west ofArnstadt, in 1707 as an organist at thechurch of St Blasius. At Mulhausen he married Maria Barbara Bach, a second cousin, and hence carried out hisduties with energy of a prolificcomposer in his early twenties. She was the source of much of his happiness. During theyear there, he wrote a festive cantataGott ist mein Konig, (God is my shepherd, BWV 71) for the inauguration of city councilin 1708 and also various cantatas ofmoderate interest. He also wrote a great number of solo keyboard works, among themPartitas, Prelude & Fugues, and Fantasias.He acquired his fame largely through his virtuoso organ playing in secular contexts.However, the