Augustus Essay Research Paper Augustus was one

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Augustus Essay, Research Paper Augustus was one of the best leaders in history. Not only was he the first official emperor of Rome, but he also rescued Rome from civil war. Augustus? real name was Gaius Octavius. He lived a life which was quite remarkable. Gaius Octavius was born in Rome on September 23, 63 B.C., taking the same name as his father. The historian Suetonius said, ?Cassius of Palma sneers at Octavius as the grandson of a baker and a money-changer, writing in one of his letters, ?Your mother?s flour came from a miserable Arician bakery, and the coin stained hands of a money-changer from Nerulum kneaded it,?? speaking of Octavius? modest background. Octavius? family was of rural Italian descent, and moved to Velitrae when Octavius was very young. His family was

one of the wealthiest families in Velitrae, and the main street was named after them. Octavius was the third child in his family, but the first son, and his parents hoped he could improve the family?s standing in Roman society. His mother?s uncle was Julius Caesar, the dictator of Rome. Octavius? father died when he was four and his mother remarried almost immediately. When Octavius was twelve, his grandmother Julia died. Julia was Caesar?s sister and Octavius was as close to her as to his mother. At Julia?s funeral, Octavius delivered the funeral oration. Caesar, who was in attendance, was very impressed. At age 17, Caesar offered Octavius a post on his staff in Spain. Suetonius said, ?Octavius followed with a very small escort, along roads held by the enemy, after a shipwreck

too, and in a state of semi-convalescence from a serious illness. This action delighted Caesar who, moreover, soon formed a high estimate of his character quite apart from the energetic matter in which he had made his journey.? After Spain, Caesar sent Octavius to the Adriatic in preparation for a campaign against the Parthians. Octavius was to command the cavalry. Before the campaign even started, however, Caesar was murdered?stabbed 23 times by men he considered colleagues, even friends. In his will, Caesar declared Octavius the heir to not only his wealth and empire, but also to the family name of ?Caesar.? Octavius was renamed Caius Julius Caesar Octavianus. After this time, Octavius was known to the Romans as ?Caesar,? but to avoid confusion, historians refer to him as

Octavian. Despite his mother and stepfather?s pleas, Octavian returned to Rome. When Octavian returned to Rome, he had to deal with his rival, consul Marc Antony. Antony had been Julius Caesar?s best friend, and when Caesar was murdered, Antony decided that he wanted all of the power. While Antony continued as consul, the Senate began to fear that he would be even more dictatorial than Caesar. Octavian promised to save Rome from anarchy and dictatorship. Although too young, Octavian became a senator and officially gained control of the Senate. Antony and the Senate had many wars of words about whether Octavian should be the leader of Rome. These wars of words became real battles between Antony and Octavian when Antony?s year as consul concluded and Antony became provincial

governor of Cisalpine Gaul. In two battles, Antony was defeated by Octavian?s army, but he survived. Octavian then made a decision that changed the course of history. Instead of passing on this victory to the Senate, he turned the legions around and marched on Rome. He sent messengers ahead in the name of his army to demand that the appointment to make him consul should be confirmed. When the Senate hesitated to obey, one of the messengers, Cornelius, displayed his sword and said, ?If you do not make him consul, this will.? The Senate granted his request. In less then two years, Octavian had pulled off a coup d?etat; he had overthrown the government. Unlike the previous leaders of Rome, Octavian was not an aristocrat. At this time, Octavian sought an alliance with Antony, who was