Augustus Caesar Essay Research Paper Augustus CaesarIn — страница 3
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only thing that saved the destruction of the Roman Empire was the emergence of a brilliant political leader, Octavian Augustus Caesar, first emperor of the Roman Empire. Thesis sentence: (Octavian) Augustus Caesar is without a doubt the greatest political leader in the history of the Roman Empire. I. Octavian strengths, accomplishments, and feats as a military leader. A. Octavian joins forces with Mark Antony and Lepidus. 1. Three form Second Triumvirate in 44 B.C. 2.Three lead their army into Rome and Assembly grants them full power for five years. 3.Brutus and Cassius are hunted down in Macedonia where Brutus and Cassius are defeated and killed in the Battle of Philippi in 42 B.C. 4. Octavian, Anthony, and Lepidus divide the empire. B.Octavian forces Lepidus into retirement and gains control of all western empire. C. 32 B.C. Octavian moves against Antony. 1. 31 B.C. Octavian wins naval battle at Actium. a.. Battle of Actium puts end to civil war b.Win at Battle of Actium gives Octavian sole control of the R Roman Empire. D. Octavian proclaims restoration of empire in 27 B.C. 1. Proclamation is more theatrical than sincerity. 2. Senate begs Octavian to not abandon the empire. 3. Given military command for ten years. a.Named Imperator Caesar Augustus and referred as Augustus the Exalted. b. Imperium is the Supreme Military Command. E. Backbone of Augustus? power is the army. 1.Army has twenty five legions of about six thousand men in each legion. 2.At least two hundred and fifty thousand men in army at all times. II. Education and the Arts A. Golden Age of Latin Literature 1. Octavian promotes learning. 2.Octavian patronizes the arts. B. Great writers flourish in Augustan Age. 1.Augustan Age is a term used to describe periods of great literacy achievement in modern nation?s. 2. Writers are Virgil, Horace, Livy, Ovio flourish. III. Helping The Restoration of Rome through Code of Laws and Social Programs. A. Passed laws to restore family unit. 1. Encouraged marriage and child bearing. 2. Penalties to people not married by the age of thirty. 3.Adultery is absolutely forbidden. 4.Married men are heavily fined and taxed for not having children. 5. Tax breaks are granted for people with three or more children. B. Reestablishes the priest hoods. 1.When elder incumbent dies Augustus assumes the role of Pontifex Maximus (Highest Priest). 2. Prohibits participation of Roman people in mystery cults. C. Augustus brings back morals of Rome. D. Augustus has great organizational skills and conducts a census. E.Augustus? laws give total power of family unit to male head of the family. 1.Male head of family decides who the sons and daughters will marry. 2. Male head of family decides where sons and daughters will live. 3. Male head of family decides what profession and what economic goals his children will pursue. 4. Male head of family owns all families land. F.Augustus? new code of laws emphasize hard work, loyalty to the Roman government and traditional family values. IV. Augustus Caesar?s Relates to the People of Rome A. Augustus is young and very energetic. B.Augustus dresses like common men of Rome and not in costumes of the upper class. C. Extremely popular with the people of Rome. 1.Augustus Caesar is offered Chancellorship for life, but he turns title down. 2.People want to worship Augustus as a god. a. Augustus wants people to worship his ideas instead. b.Followers of Augustus are called ?Augustilites? and tell of his ideals. 3.Month of Sextilis is renamed August in honor of Augustus. V. History Remembers Greatness Augustus A. Augustus saves Rome from destruction. 1. Entered a city of brick and left a city of marble. 2.Sets the stage of Pax Roman Period (two hundred years of Roman peace). B. One of few Roman emperors to die a natural death. C.Honored on modern calendar with month of August named in his honor. D. Title as the Roman Empires first emperor.