Attitudes Toward Sexual Orientation Essay Research Paper — страница 3

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accepting of other sexual orientations than those whom did not have gay or lesbian friends or family (F(1, 47)=29.15, p*.05). The mean for those that personally knew homosexuals or bisexuals was 40.19 with a standard deviation of 3.78, and the mean for those that did not was 32.28 with a standard deviation of 6.52. One?s political affiliation also proved important to one?s attitudes on sexual orientation in our experiment (F(3, 45)=7.44, p*.05). Republicans were the least accepting, the mean being 27.83 with a standard deviation of 2.04. Independents were more accepting, the mean being 38.19 with a standard deviation of 5.97. Democrats and those who marked “other” were the most accepting, both having a mean of 39.00, with a standard deviation of 5.41 for the democrats and a

standard deviation of 4.12 for the others. Finally, the strictness of one?s political and moral views was significantly important as well (F(2, 46)=7.07, p*.05). Conservatives were the least accepting, the mean being 30.00 with a standard deviation of 6.40. Those who marked themselves as other were more accepting, the mean being 37.90 with a standard deviation of 6.52. Liberals were the most accepting, the mean being 38.69 with a standard deviation of 5.07. Below in Table 2 (see Appendix C) is the information and descriptive statistics from above in graph format. ————————————– Insert Table 2 about here ————————————– Discussion From our experiment, we have come to the conclusion that there is a definite, statistically significant

correlation between personal history characteristics and attitudes toward sexual orientation, as was also found in other recent research conducted by LaMar and Kite (1998), Lippa and Arad (1997), and Waldo (1998). The personal history characteristics measured by our study were religiosity, having a friend or family that was gay or bisexual, political affiliation, and whether one?s political and moral views were conservative, liberal, or other. It makes most sense to assume that these personal history characteristics result in attitudes toward sexual orientation, not the other way around. It is a well known fact that many religions look down on homosexuality, and therefore if one follows a religion closely?as being very religious means?they are more likely to be less approving of

homosexuality. Having a close friend or family member that is gay is easily understandable in the ways in which it affects one?s attitudes toward sexual orientation. People may be disapproving of homosexuals without even knowing any, but when they meet a homosexual and see that, at least generally, homosexuals are normal people, then their opinions of homosexuality change. The reverse of this could also be true, however, in that one who is disapproving of homosexuality consciously chooses to not become friends with homosexuals. Political affiliation and one?s political and moral views are often both closely tied to religion. Republicans are, generally, believers of the Christian faith, while democrats and independents are more likely than republicans to consider themselves less

or even non-religious. Furthermore, conservative views are generally considered republican and liberal views are generally considered democratic or independent, explaining the relationship each seemed to have with attitudes toward sexual orientation. Whether homosexuality should or should not be approved of or accepted is not a decision we, or anyone, is in the position to make. Each person, then, must resort to their own feelings and opinions to determine what sexual orientation means to them and what their attitudes are toward it. Our research has shown that there is still a great deal of variety in people?s attitudes toward sexual orientation, a fact that should be accepted and indeed promoted so that diversity may remain, so long as it doesn?t negatively affect other

individuals or groups. References LaMar, Lisa, & Kite, Mary (1998). Sex differences in attitudes toward gay men and lesbians: a multidimensional perspective. Journal of Sex Research, 35(2), 189-196. Lippa, Richard, & Arad, Sara (1997). The structure of sexual orientation and its relation to masculinity, femininity, and gender diagnosticity: different for men and women. Sex Roles, 37(3-4), 187-208. Page, Stewart (1998). Accepting the gay person: a rental accommodation in the community. Journal of Homosexuality, 36(2), 41-58. Waldo, Craig R. (1998). Out on campus: sexual orientation and academic culture in a university context. American Journal of Community Psychology, 26(5), 745-774. Appendix A Appendix B Reliability Scores of the 15 Attitude Statements Q1: .403 * Q2: .247