Atomic Bomb 2 Essay Research Paper A

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Atomic Bomb 2 Essay, Research Paper A Necessary Evil The United States use of the atomic bomb in Hiroshima and Nagasaki changed the face of the world. The bomb notified the world that a new age of atomic energy was upon us. Technology was increasing at such an astronomical rate that new forms of energy were being discovered and put to violent uses. This forced the world to be prepared for the incredible power and responsibility of atomic energy. The Atomic bomb also notified the world of America s superiority in military technology and its dominance over the rest of the world. After the war there were two kinds of militaries, those with the bomb and those without. If your country did not have the technology it was forced to become allies with a superpower or succumb to the

will of countries with atomic power. Whether Harry Truman knew the full effect the use of such a powerful weapon would have on the world is very debatable, but I believe the president made the right decision in using the bomb. The use of the bombs was the best way to end a terrible war because it was the quickest way, it saved hundreds of thousands of American lives, and it displayed to the world that the U.S. had too much power to dare challenge. To fully understand Truman s decision we must examine his other options. There were thought by military leaders three ways to win the war with Japan. The first was an invasion. This would call first for an invasion of Kyushu, the southernmost island of Japan. This island was considered essential to invade the main island of Honshu.

Kyushu was very well defended with a reported 680,000 Japanese soldiers and well fortified defense systems as well as airpower. The Japanese soldiers would also fight even harder knowing that the were now defending there homeland. The taking of Kyushu and then Honshu would have been expected to last six months. This was the plan that was endorsed by Truman s top aids and seemed the likely source of action. American casualties in the Pacific were extremely high, and the fighting conditions were terrible. The taking of Okinawa had cost the U.S. nearly 50,000 casualties and the fighting wasn t going to get any easier. Soldiers who fought in the war said that the closer the fighting was to the Japanese homeland the more viscous and desperate the Japanese soldiers became, and their

overall defense strategies were getting better with each island. The technique first used at Peleliu had been improved on and Japan was able to inflict more and more damage on Americans with each attack. These facts led leaders to believe the invasion of Japan would produce a tremendous amount of casualties. A study done by the Joint War Plans committee predicted 193.500 casualties for the taking of Kyushu and Honshu. Another report had the figure as high as 394,000 for the Kyushu operation alone. While there is no way to know how accurate these figures were, it can be realistically said that there would be an enormous loss of American life with an invasion, much too great a loss for Truman to accept. Another option available was to bomb and blockade the Japanese islands. This

would consist of a naval blockade cutting off Japans many imports, which would cripple the nation. This however, would take a very long time. Japan was not self reliant, but had a large stockpile of supplies and would not surrender easily. The Japanese military had immense pride, and would not accept surrender at any cost. While some critics of the bombs use say that parts of the Japanese government were close to surrender, it is generally believed that the military controlled the government and would never accept defeat. There was growing sentiment in the states to end the war, and the soldiers were extremely tired and weary. This made the bomb and blockade strategy an ineffective and unpopular choice. This left Truman with one other choice, the atomic bomb. Scientists had been