Argument From Design Essay Research Paper Argument

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Argument From Design Essay, Research Paper Argument from Design In ?The Watch and the Watchmaker,? William Paley argues through analogy that since an intelligent designer must be assumed for the purpose-revealing watch, an intelligent Grand Designer may be inferred in explaining the purpose-revealing world. Both products, the world and watch, reveal an intricate and positive design; thus, each has to have its own intelligent designer. Also, because the universe is like a watch, we can infer it has an intelligent designer by the fact that it may be proved to be mechanical through mathematical concepts. He begins his argument by asking the reader to imagine crossing a heath and pitching one?s foot against a stone. If one were asked how the stone came to be there, it would not

be absurd to suggest it had laid there forever. However, if a watch were found on the ground, it would be hardly acceptable to give the same answer as the stone. Paley continues by illustrating the precision and intricacies of the cogs and springs within a watch in relation to natural physical objects. In a watch ?several parts are framed and put together for a purpose,? where the parts being together are in a particular formation, there must be reasons for such a placement, giving away its cause of existence. And given that the watch has a purpose, Paley argued that this obvious design would force one to conclude “the watch must have had a maker; that there must have existed an artificer or artificers, who formed it for the purpose which we find it actually to answer”.

Perfection, like that in a watch, needs a creator because the coincidence or chance of being made without a creator is highly unlikely. The belief that a watchmaker will always exists, even if the individual does or know a watchmaker or has seen a watch made. No other explanation of a watch?s existence could be feasible or logical without believing that there was once a watchmaker. Whether the contraption works or not is not he focus; the focus is on whether a plan has been made for the instrument to reveal that a design was intended. In very complex machines, missing or undiscovered parts are more likely to arise; yet, such disorder would no doubt make an individual more curious as to the objects purpose. Although in some cases, a part may seem useless, the individual would

continue to question and wonder what purpose that part serves. No one could believe that the watch was assembled together with sheer luck; therefore, an intelligent designer exists. The watch is definitely not made by the principle of order and it is not believable to say or think that the watch was not invented. One?s experiences with human designed artifacts leads him to infer the existence of a designer. Design cannot exist without the designer. Paley goes on to indicate, ?Every indication of contrivance, every manifestation of design, which existed in the watch, exists in the works of nature?. While the world is far more complex than a simplistic instrument, like a watch, it is no different when compared at the base levels, especially when seeing that both are so mechanical,

showing elements of order. When Hume sets out the argument from design to prove that the universe is like a watch, he emphasizes the concepts of cause and effect, where ?like effects prove like causes,? as he portrays himself through his spokesperson Cleanthes. From observed features of the natural world, Cleanthes argues a posteriori that the existence of a creator may be inferred. Like the concept of cause and effect, his main principle is that similar effects have similar causes. For example, the basis of comparison for a watch and the universe is that both are mechanical and function based on a set of orders; thus, intelligent designers, either divine or human, probably contrived each. Cleanthes tells the reader to ?contemplate the whole and every part of [the world]? because