Architectural Influence Essay Research Paper The Elizabethan — страница 2

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architecture consisted of secular buildings, stained glass, and other decorative arts through the centuries. In France Gothic architecture is known as Flamboyant because of it’s flame like forms of tracery. The Flamboyant style originated in the 1380’s, and ended between the end of the 15th century and the 1530’s. The English builders devised their own late Gothic architecture, the perpendicular style. This style spurned the Flamboyant style altogether. The masterpiece of this style was that of a king’s, in which the fan-shaped spreading panels are in complete accord with the rectangular walls and windows (Hinkle 7). By the 17th century the growth of the late Gothic forms were replaced by the Renaissance. Religion was a pretty big part of what style evolved. Baroque

evolved in Rome in 1620 as an expression of the Catholic revival. Also during this time Baroque spread to other parts of Italy and even across the Alps. The word “Baroque” originally meant irregular or misshapen (Norwich 172). Baroque was “applied by art historians inn the 19th century to describe a type of architecture current in Europe during the 17th and 18th centuries which they condemned as being contrary to classical principals” (172). Baroque was a very strong influence of architecture, but in some places it never took root because religions were so strong. These religions were mostly Christian. Italian Renaissance spread across the Alps in the last years of the 1500’s. Plateresque was bought into England under the rule of Henry VIII. In the middle of the

sixteenth century a new style emerged, it was much more classical than any other style before it (Norwich 157). The second half of the sixteenth century was dominated by Italian Mannerism. In the seventeenth century this manner was gradually replaced by new styles. This shows that there are other influences of architecture, such as the peoples’ desires to keep up on the modern style. Elizabethan style art was a transitional period between the Gothic and Renaissance styles (”Elizabethan” 1). This type of architecture was the new style and like most new styles it made an impact. Elizabethan architecture ranged from the late 1500’s throughout the 1600’s. It also reached it’s pinnacle in the late 1500’s. The Renaissance started in Italy in the 1400’s but didn’t

affect England until a later period. “The first significant architectural factor from this period was that the traditional building of churches stopped and the building of houses began” (Locher, Pruitt, and Silver 1). Within the short Elizabethan period, a “competition” emerged to divide the social classes. Houses in the Elizabethan period served as social and personal status symbols. “There were several types of homes in this period: royal works, great homes, smaller country homes, and farmhouses” (Kamhi 1). Externally, Elizabethan houses had many different features. “The mixture of unusually tall buildings and towers made for an effective skyline” (Locher, Pruitt, and Silver 1). Also “as the royalty of the Elizabethan period grew so did their homes, not only

in size and magnitude, but also in greatness and volume” (Kamhi 1). The royal works belonged to the kings and queens, this meant that these houses were usually extraordinary. The houses spread over miles of land, farther than the human eye could see. They were stone foundations with several levels and a countless number of bedrooms. They contained halls, chapels, parlors, large bay windows, and miles of stone gardens and vegetation. These houses were not common and were nothing short of astonishing. The upper-class, comprised of doctors and business men owned the great homes. These homes weren’t as extraordinary or uncanny, but were large and quite nice. The great homes had many of the same features as the royal works, just on a much lesser scale (Kamhi 1). These homes were

by no means small or shabby; they were large and sometimes considered to be just as beautiful as the royal works. The smaller country homes were owned by merchants and tradesmen. These homes are more conceivable than the royal works and the great homes. The smaller country homes were nice, cozy, and very inexpensive because the owners, craftsmen and tradesmen, already had most of the materials needed to build the houses (Kamhi 2). These homes were usually two stories, with a kitchen, family room, and three or four bedrooms. The use of glass also made the smaller country homes a notable feature. The idea conceived from the Pre-Renaissance churches allowed light to flood into the houses through the grid-shape windows (Locher, Pruitt, and Silver 1). Lastly the farmers and their