Architectural Influence Essay Research Paper The Elizabethan

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Architectural Influence Essay, Research Paper The Elizabethan Age was an innovative and unique period in history. In this period architecture was more than a profession, it was an art, and an influence on the people. Architects in this period made historical differences, the styles of architecture transitioned greatness, and the homes created an individual standing. Elizabethan architecture was an influential “trend” in which the “competition” for social division began, and architects attempted to replicate Italian Renaissance architecture. Architects of the Elizabethan Era were somewhat of a new thing. Sculptors introduced Renaissance forms early in the fifteenth century. Three Florentines, who were originally trained as goldsmiths, made crucial innovations to the

Renaissance art (Beck 3). The eldest of the three Florentines eventually became an architect. Filippo Brunelleschi, the eldest, developed linear perspective, which is an important prospect of architecture today. Filippo designed the spacious octagonal dome of Florence Cathedral. This building was considered one of the most impressive engineering and artistic feats since Roman times (Beck 3). Because of this attainment, Filippo was considered the first true Renaissance builder. Even though Filippo was one of the greatest architects of his time, his style was similar to that of the traditional churches. Elizabethan architecture didn’t come from the churches, in fact most of the main ideas came from the architects themselves (Locher, Pruitt, and Silver 2). Inigo Jones was perhaps

the biggest reason architecture is what it is today. Jones was responsible for bringing Renaissance architecture to England. Inigo’s first piece of architecture was a royal one. He was asked to design Queen Anne’s house in Greenwich. The Queen’s house was built with a similar design to that of the Banqueting House of Whitehall in London which was later to be built by Jones. “[the banqueting house] represented the assimilation of the Renaissance in England” (Locher, Pruitt, Sliver 2). “Because of Jones’s unique and innovative styles, architects everywhere used his ideas for centuries afterward;” They combined his work with their own to better their work (2). Another great architect of this time was Robert Smythson, the designer of Hardwick Hall. Robert “was one

of the largest advocates of the use of symmetry and ornateness (2). He wanted buildings to be beautiful even though he would say that they are practical. Smythson’s buildings had high basements for an attempt of lighting in the kitchen or storage areas. His most ingenious tactic was the use of stairways. The stairways made all parts of the mansions easily accessible. “Architecture that was practical was a new idea in the 1500’s” (2). The architects responsible for the Flamboyant style being built in France were mainly Amboise (1483-1501) and Blois (1498-1515). “The crowning features of their exteriors are magnified versions of dormer windows” (Hinkle 7). The last flowering of Flamboyant architecture occurred between the end of the fifteenth century and the 1530’s in

the work of Martin Chambiges (died 1532) and his son Pierre (died 1544), who were responsible for a series of grand cathedrals facades, including the west front of Troyes Cathedral and the transept facades of Senlis and Beavvais Cathedral. (7). Architects made things possible, but with possibility comes reason. What makes things possible? The reason for Renaissance architecture is simply the need to have historical and modern expressions. “The two principal components of Renaissance style are the following: A revival of the classical forms originally developed by the ancient Greeks and Romans, and a renewed vitality and spirit emphasizing the diverse qualities of humanity” (Beck 1). “Architecture was the dominant expression of the Gothic Age” (Hinkle 1). Gothic