ArabIsraeli Wars Essay Research Paper The Rabinnovich

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Arab-Israeli Wars Essay, Research Paper The Rabinnovich article titled ‘Seven Wars and a Peace Treaty’,gives a chronological background of wars made between Arabs and Israeli’s after the birth of Israeli state. I: First War;1948-1949 The Israeli’s reffered this war as the war of Independence.It had two distinct phases.It first begun in 1947 after UN resolution on the partition of Palestine.The resolution was accepted by the Jewish community,but Arabs rejected.The result was a civil war.Until May 15, 1948 th two feuding communities tried to predispose the outcome of the full-fledged strife that was bound to folow te evacuation of British forces.As a result,much of fighting was mainly over the control of roads and the mixed cities. After Israeli’s declaration of

independence,Egypt,Lebanon,Iraq,Syria and Jordan invaded Palestine to help Palestinian Arabs.This war lasted eight months.Israel Defence Forces (IDF) a formal army,fought with 5 arab states armies. By December 1948,it was clear that Israel had won the war.Egyptian army was advanced well into Sinai.Lebanese army was pushed back to its borders and Israelis captured part of South Lebanon.Syrian army was forced to retreat to a line corresponding,to the pre 1948 international boundary.Those zones became demilitarized.The war ended with Jordan in control of what became West Bank.Iraqi army played a minor role,ts major role was pushing the Arab League to intervene in the war. But how could Israel succeed? It enjoyed the benefit of coherent leadership,whose impact was magnified by David

Ben-Gurion’s ability to integrate military and politiical elements into comphrensive strategy.Israel was predicted on social and political structures of its own long before.Later in the war,it obtained arms and turneits early military disadvantages into advantages.Soviet assistance to Israel was one reflection of the international dimension of the war.By helping Israel,Moscow hoped to disturb the status quo. In the end of the war,Israel had larger area than the UN partition solution had reaffirmed.So Palestine refugee problem was created.It was humuliating for Arabs. 2. THE SINAI-SUEZ CAMPAIGN WAR;OCTOBER 1956 1950’s the antiagonism of the states was expressed in the means of politic,economics and military acts.The Arab boycott,the closure of Gulf of Tiran and Suez Canal to

Israel shipping can be shown as such examples. Arabs designed a full-scale war to undo the consequences of 1948-1949 war and destroy Israeli state.For Israel, it would be a limited war,just to stregethen its position and anticipate Aon an arab attack. In the mean time Egypt was growing to be a regional power under the rule of Nasser,who was a pan-Arabist leader,a friend of Soviet Union,It was the firestarter of struggles against Israel. There were waves of raids organized by Palestinian groupings from Gaza Strip and West Bank against Israel.Nasse created a tripartite military pact among Egypt,Syria and Jordan. Nationalization of Suez canal and Britain’s evacuation from the place increased the influence of Egypt over Syria and Jordan.Nasser’s attack on the remnants of of

Britain and France’s colonial empires had an important effect too.So France and Israeli alience was formed.Briatin and France wanted to save their position in the region.So In Ocober 1956,in collusion with Britain and France,Israel attacked Egypt. Iasrael believed its was waging a defensive war,Arabs were becoming belligerent.So she decided to launch the Sinai campaign,to reach Suez Canal,to destroy Egyptian Army in the Sinai and to capture Sharm el Sheikh,the point at the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula dominating the Tiran strait.By reaching the Suez Canal,they would pave the way for the Britain and France to launch their own military operation. Although they were thwarled by USA and SU, Israel evacuated the Sinai and the Gaza Strip in 1957( later in return for security