ArabIsraeli Conflict Essay Research Paper The beginning

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Arab-Israeli Conflict Essay, Research Paper The beginning of this seemingly age-old battle began in 1917 when the Balfor Declaration was created. The Balfor Declaration promised that the Zionists would have a permanent home in Palestine. This document caused some commotion because; it conflicted with what other nations were planning to do with the area. Anglo-France planned to divide the near east between themselves and earlier, Britain encouraged the Arabs to fight for their independence of the Ottoman Empire, so the Balfor Declaration was not what many nations were planning on. During the interwar period, the Yishuv, or Palestinian Jewish community, began developing their own press, political parties, labor unions and educational system. The Palestinians felt that the Jews

were intruders upon their sacred land and the British tried to mediate their disputes but with no avail. In 1947, the British threw their hands up and turned the problem of the Arabs and the Jews with their land dispute over to the UN. The UN swiftly made the decision to split the territory into two different nations. One of the territories would be Arab and the other would be Jewish. Naturally, the Arabs who now lived in the Jewish State, became refugees and visa-versa, which caused some, displeasure. When the British official withdrew from Israel in 1948, they immediately declared their independence as the new Jewish State of Israel. The United States, through President Truman, was one of the first nations to recognize the existence of the new nation; this was a form of

reparation made to the Jewish people because of what happened in World War II. The first Prime Minister of Israel was David Ben-Gurion, a very prominent figure and leader who would do many things for his country until his death in 1973. On the same day that the new state declared their independence, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Jordan and Egypt invaded. The fighting continued to 1949 and by the end of the war, Israel had actually expanded its territory beyond what the united nations had originally intended. The country now included the Golan Heights and the Gaza Strip. Israel had also lost territory, the Old City of Jerusalem was ceded but they still controlled the New City of Jerusalem. By 1949, Israel had secured its own existence, but not gained the acceptance of its neighbors. A

reason that the United States had firmly stated its alliance with Israel was because the soviets had allied themselves with many of the other Arab nations and the US did not want any more oil producing countries in bed with the soviets. In 1952, a group of army officers, lead by Gamal Abdel Nasser, seized power in Egypt. After establishing himself as dictator and spokesperson for militant Arab nationalism, he declared his opposition to the existence of the Jewish State of Israel. Four years later, in July of 1956, President Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal and threatened the accessibility of it to other countries. In October, war broke out between Egypt and Israel. This confrontation had many implications due to the alliances of the warring countries. This fact caused the Suez

Intervention to be a microcosm of the cold war. The Soviet Union was supplying the Egyptians with weapons; the United States had strong ties to the eight-year-old Israel and, this was just the place for the French and British to try to regain control of the Suez Canal and reassert their influence in the Middle East. Luckily, the Soviets did not involve themselves directly in the Suez Intervention. France was at war over its continuing control over Algeria and Prime Minister Anthony Eden saw a Hitler like figure in Nasser seeking to extol his own motives. To fend off Arab guerrilla attacks and to be associated with the Imperial Nations, Israel allied itself with France and Britain. The Suez Intervention was a military success, Israel seized the Sinai peninsula and the British and