Arab Israli Conflict Essay Research Paper The

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Arab Israli Conflict Essay, Research Paper The conflict that continues to be a problem today between the Arabs and the Israelis was begun many years ago. Although many steps have been taken to try to resolve this fighting, the two groups still hate each other. The problem is that the hatred between these two is so deep that it seems as if an agreement can t be met. However, there is a good chance that after the Israeli elections in May that huge steps will be taken to rid this conflict from their lives. In this paper I will recap the Arab-Israeli conflict from the beginning until the present time. The Hebrews were led out of Mesopotomia in 1800 B.C. by Abraham and they also received the covanent around that time. In the covenant between god and Abraham it says that there is a

holy land somewhere for the Jewish people. They left Mesopotamia for the holy land, which they didn t find. Due to a widespread famine, the Jewish people ended up in Egypt where they were cast as slaves. This marked the first huge problem with a soon to be Arab country, Egypt, and the Jews. In 1250 BC Moses led the Hebrews from Egypt, once again in search of the holy land. After forty years of wandering in the desert, the Jewish people finally find the holy land that they call Judah. It is also known as Canaan. They lived there and prospered until 586 BC when the Babylonians came into Judah and took over. They kicked the Jews out and dispersed them. Judah was controlled by the Babylonians until the Persians took it from them. Then in 539 BC the Persians allowed the Jews to return

to Canaan. However, their stay was short lived, because the Romans expelled them from the holy land around 70 AD. The Jews did not return to the promised land until the 1940s. After 70 AD the Jewish people were not heard from about regaining the rights to the holy land. It continued that the Hebrews had no place to call their own, and they lived all over the globe. Then in the late 1800s, almost 1900 years after being ejected from their promised land, the Zionist movement began. The Zionist movement was the efforts of the Jewish people, and others that supported them, working towards establishing a homeland for Jews in the holy land, Palestine. In 1896 Theodor Herzel s book, The Jewish State, is published. This book ignited the Zionist movement, and caused all the Hebrews to

focus on their goal of gaining a homeland. The year after Herzel s book was published, there was a Zionist congress held. They chose Palestine as the site they were going to try and make the Jewish homeland. Palestine at the time was part of the Ottoman Empire. However, before World War I the European nations were taking the Empire over piece by piece. Then after World War II the Allied powers were mandated countries in 1920. This was because of the Sykes-Picot agreement. This agreement gave Britain Jordan, Palestine, and Mesopotamia. It gave France Lebanon and Syria. Russia was left out of this agreement because they were in the middle of a revolution. The Sykes-Picot agreement also nullified another agreement having to do with the land of the Middle East. That agreement was

known as the Husayn-McMahon correspondence. In this agreement Britain promised the Arabs control over the land in the Middle East. However since the Sykes-Picot agreement was the on that was carried through, it is obvious that Britain lied to the Arabs just to gain their support. Through all of this lobbying for power, Herzel still was working for a Jewish homeland. He was also gaining a lot of support and help. Especially from a Russian born chemist and Jew named Chaim Weizmann who was a British citizen. He worked on the British government and pushed them to allow a Jewish homeland in Palestine. Then in 1917 Lord Balfour of England sent a letter to Lord Rothschild, head of a famous Jewish banking family in Britain, that contained the Balfour Declaration. This declaration said