Apples Essay Research Paper The history of — страница 2
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well under refrigeration. Page 3 World Apple Production: Wherever apples grow you can be sure some critter will be enjoying their goodness and flavor. From raccoons and bears, to horses and insects. We humans love them too. In fact, the apple tree is the most widely cultivated of all the fruit trees. In 1997, an amazing 44.7 million metric tones of apples were produced for human consumption. Of those, more than 84% were bought and used commercially.The leading apple growing country is China, producing about 41% of the world’s apples. The United States is second, followed by Turkey, France, Poland, Italy, the Russian Federation, Germany, Argentina, Japan, and Chile. Even warmer countries like Iraq and Mexico are able to grow apples in their cooler upland regions. What’s most important is that people in every country love the sweet delicious taste of a ripe apple! Here in Canada, apples are our most important fruit crop. Canadian growers produced about 506,000 metric tones of apples in 1997, worth about $182 million (Canadian). Our leading apple producing province is Ontario, followed by British Columbia, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick. More than 7,000 Canadian farms grow apples on over 30,000 hectares of farmland. In the United States, 4.6 million metric tones of apples were produced in 1997, with a wholesale value of more than $1 billion (U.S.). Of those apples, roughly: + 50% were enjoyed as fresh fruit. + 20% were used to make vinegar, cider, wine, juice, jelly, and apple butter. + 17% were canned as applesauce and pie filling. + 13% were exported (sold to other countries). Although people across the United States love apples, apples grow particularly well in the cooler northern states. Washington State is the leading apple-producing state, followed by Michigan, and New York.