Any Karma In America Essay Research Paper

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Any Karma In America Essay, Research Paper The idea of justice is a prominent issue for all societies. Courts have been established to censor the actions of accused persons and it has long been a major theme to be dealt with in many societies throughout history. One of the first cultures to describe the issue of justice is ancient India. By 500 B. C., the Brahman ideas had changed from centering thought on prayer to the idea of justice and philosophy. This new way of thinking on justice and love for knowledge established the idea of karma, being considered as the good or bad consequences of an action. Without including the belief of reincarnation of the early Indian society, karma will be described in terms of an individual?s life before he or she dies rather than influencing

the next life after death as the Indians believed. Therefore, karma will be described as an action of an individual influencing the future of that individual before his or her death. Today, the idea of karma can be considered in the life of every individual in American society, but the beliefs ancient Indians exulted cannot be seen in the consequences of actions when considering the society of today. In first describing karma in ancient India, consequences in the future (or the next life in Indian beliefs) were based on the individual?s present actions, exemplifying a cause and effect relationship. Good deeds would lead to a better and more prosperous life, while bad deeds would lead to a less prosperous future life. Therefore, this Indian idea of justice is based on an

individual getting what he or she deserved as the result of an action, a good result with virtuous actions and a bad result with fiendish actions. One of the shortcomings of early India?s idea of karma is the absence of reasoning accounting for good things happening to bad people and bad things to good people. Another characteristic of early India?s idea of karma is that rewards and punishments work automatically and are not controlled by a supernatural being. As mentioned previously, the shift of culture to a more secular society had taken place. Ancient Indians believed that destiny in this impartial world was controlled at the level of the individual, with consequences being the result of actions of the individual. Because of this Indian idea of destiny, fate, which is the

belief of a predestined path that is set for a person before he or she is born, was not considered in their culture. As a result, fate would be the antithesis of the popular belief that destiny is controlled by the individual. Even though the actions resulted in consequences, a person could escape from his or her transgressions through two ways. The first being asceticism and the other is meditation. Asceticism is withdrawing from society by avoiding any pleasures in life, while mediation allowed one to think intensely one a subject. The first tortured the body, and thus the mind, while the second would erase the desire of a bad action through deep concentration, and and the absence of this desire thus illuminated the action altogether. Even though karma was prominent belief in

historic India, the idea of karma offered the greatest benefit for the lowest caste of society for two major reasons. The first reason was that they had the longest path in achieving the premier ranking in the Indian caste system. When an individual is in the grudges of society doing the entire load of the filthy labor, it takes only little motivation to improve the caste in the future. Next, life would become progressively better in the higher castes. As one would move farther up in the caste system, life would get progressively easier and an individual would then be less motivated to follow ideas of karma because he or she was satisfied with the present class, even though an individual could back fall into a previous caste. Therefore, the extent of following karma would be less