Anthropology Today Essay Research Paper In society — страница 2

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facing the graduate of the field of anthropology today, and they will only increase. The SfAA (Society for Applied Anthropology) writes For the past two decades the majority of anthropologists have found employment outside of university settings…with the trends in electronic multimedia education and the decrease in tenured academic positions, and even larger percentage of…anthropologists will be employed outside of academic positions in the upcoming decade. With so many new positions becoming available outside of the academic atmosphere, the M.A. or Ph.D. in anthropology becomes not only a valuable tool for employment in a growing number of positions, but also a valuable asset for a very flexible area of development. Even with all of these new positions becoming available to

anthropologists, the code of ethics they must follow is universal. Scrutiny over past methods of research as become almost a black eye on anthropology, and the AAA and SfAA, as well as others, have a code of ethics which anthropologist of all positions must adhere to. Of course, with the decline of field work to “primitive” cultures, the main focus of these ethics has changed. Still, by focusing on local positions anthropologists hold today, a great number of the ethics still apply. The ethical choices made must still abide by community or professional guidelines, and cannot or at least should not knowingly create conflicts, misunderstandings, or create unacceptable situations for the parties involved.( AAA, 2000 ) Anthropologists usually study humans, and in doing so they

must realize that any information they discover or provide may result in a change in lifestyle which can be either positive or negative, and as such, the anthropologist must try to avoid anything which can bring about harm to an individual or a group. In studying local positions, such as urban development, the researcher must understand that recommendations made by him or her can result in changes in the urban structure; such change should not be looked upon lightly, as even slight change can forever alter development of that community.( AAA, 2000 ) Such an example would be to say that a factory in a low income area would increase jobs and therefore bring about a class change of many people. Before this decision is made, the anthropologist must first identify who stands to

benefit, and who, if anyone, would lose in this situation. A factory would most likely reduce property values, and could bring about other factories, several of which combined could severely increase pollution levels. A decision like this is one that an anthropologist must face, and the ethics code is a good guideline to assist in making decisions like this one. It is also held very high in the code of ethics that people be treated as equals, with their well-being and self- respect held in high regard.( Anonymous, 2000 ) Researchers who conduct surveys or interviews to individuals or in study groups must be clear on what they are doing, and why they are doing it. Keeping the subjects informed of exactly what they are going to do with their information. It may also be the wishes

of the study groups that they remain anonymous in their information, and if so then the anthropologist must respect that request; information received under the pretense of anonymity may be more insightful as there is no element of fear of reprisal. ( Anonymous, 2000) Revealing identity when told otherwise violates trust and may alter future studies. Letting these focus groups know that their information in valid and important to the company in very important in gaining trust and avoids violating basic human rights. While this of course sounds all well and good, it does create a very painstaking process through which the anthropologist must perform. Writing up proposal after proposal and making sure that everyone knows exactly what is going on can be a very arduous process, and

make simple acts very tiresome. There are however, more serious problems that anthropologists today face. In keeping with idea that they should not interfere with community or religious beliefs, there are situations in which anthropologists feel the need to intervene, or at the very least present their findings to someone who will. Several situations were talked about during tutorials for the course, but none came up in the process of research for this paper. So, while it is understood that ethical problems are common, not a great deal are mentioned here. It has been addressed in this paper the nature of roles and issues dealt with by anthropologists today. The fact that roles outside the academic world was established, and the demand for anthropologists with at least an M.A. is