Anthony Vs Octavian Essay Research Paper Chronological

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Anthony Vs Octavian Essay, Research Paper Chronological analysis of the strengthening of Octavius compared with the errors made by Antony. DATE (BC) Factors affecting Antony Factors affecting Octavius 42BC Battle of Philippi. With Lepidus, Antony led an armed force into Macedonia to face the conspirators who killed Caesar. The “Republican” conspirators had 19 legions at their command (about 120000 men), against the triumvir’s 28 legions (about 170000). The triumvirs won resoundingly, and the leaders (Brutus and Cassius) committed suicide. Triumvirs firmly in control of Roman Government. Lepidus, the weaker triumvir, was clearly friendly towards Antony. This is exemplified by his full support against the conspirators despite Octavius’ absence, and his previous support

for Antony during civil war against Octavius. Battle of Philippi. Octavius was sick during the campaign, and did not play a significant role in its events. However, through his triumviral allies he had avenged the death of his uncle. 42/1BC Division of the Empire. Antony received most of Gaul, but Cisalpine Gaul was redefined as part of Italia. Influence over government in Rome, possibly reduced, as Antony was absent in the provinces to collect taxes and appease veteran soldiers. Lepidus (Antony’s ally) was allocated Africa to put him at a distance from Antony and Octavius who divided the European empire between them. Division of the Empire. Octavius received the two Spanish provinces, and Sicily and Sardinia. He settled many of his veterans in Italy, giving him significant

influence over the government in the capital. He was also responsible for defeating Sextius Pompey who was causing havoc in Sicily, and a major threat to Rome. 40 Triumvirate strengthened. Antony marries Octavia, sister of the similarly named triumvir. Antony moves East. Power transferred so that he controlled all provinces east of Macedonia (inclusive). Further decrease of influence in Rome as Octavius controls the west, despite the premise of “sharing Italy”. Lepidus further marginalised in triumvirate. Triumvirate strengthened. Genuine(?) move by Octavius to maintain alliance through marriage. Octavius takes all of the west. All provinces west of Illyricium were taken over by Octavius’ legions. 39 Sextius Pompey appeased by being given Sardinia and Sicily. Sextius Pompey

appeased by being given Sardinia and Sicily. 38 Antony discouraged by expansion of Octavius. (read the right column first). Possibly disgruntled by Octavius’ acquisition of more territory than was agreed, Antony attacks Octavius’ breaking of the 39BC treaty. However, he still sends help to crush Pompey. Makes his capital in Athens. Decline of influence in Rome. (No evidence to suggest he had visited Rome since 41?) Octavius seeks to improve his standing. A defection by Pompey’s supporters gives Octavius control over Corsica, Sardinia and part of Pompey’s fleet. Despite treaty of 39 giving Pompey part of the Empire (a quadumvirate?), Octavius takes opportunity to boost area under his control and declares war of Pompey. It doesn’t go well. Request for help denied by

Lepidus and fulfilled by Antony, despite Octavius not arriving to meet the reinforcements. Forces Livia to marry him. (she was already married at the time). Indicates his presence in Rome, and his maintenance of Roman links. 37-33 Distrust of Octavius. In an agreement, Antony was to provide ships for Octavius’ anti-Pompey campaign in exchange for 20000 troops. Antony delivered his promise. Octavius didn’t. Antony rebukes marriage alliance. Octavia was humiliated when Antony sends her back to Rome. He heads east, and marries Cleopatra despite not divorcing Octavia. Parthian Campaign. Antony succeeds in extending Roman territory in the East (avenges death of Crassus?). Triumph in Alexandria, not Rome. [34BC] Alliance with the alien queen. Cleopatra’s association with Antony