Anorexia And Bulimia Nervosa Essay Research Paper

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Anorexia And Bulimia Nervosa Essay, Research Paper Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa “When she was fourteen, a modeling agency said that her face was too fat. It was a death sentence.” (Toronto Sun, 1994) Sheena Carpenter died in November 1993. She was found on the kitchen floor of her apartment by her mother. She was twenty-two years old. . . and weighed only fifty pounds. Sheena was just one of the alarming numbers of young women who become obsessed with the shape and size of their bodies, and suffer harmful, or in this case, fatal effects from eating disorders. At any given time, almost one out of every two women is on some sort of a diet, and this statistic is apparently reflected the revenues of the diet industry, currently a $33 billion a year industry. It should be

noted that this estimate does not include profits generated by exercise or workout programs, gyms, health clubs, or cosmetic surgery. A recent national survey in the US reveled that the majority of women, when asked what would make them happiest, choose thinness over all other choices, even such thing as job promotion, romance, prestige and power. In fact, more women feared becoming fat, then feared dying. These statistics revel an alarming social problem that is reaching epic proportions. Although the topic of eating disorders has gained a larger audience within the last decade, the number of cases of eating disorders continues to rise at a resounding rate. Today many scientists are looking into possible causes for the onset of an eating disorder. The most prevalent and

influencing factor is the media and society’s view. They act as a controlling presence for susceptible individuals. ? The socioculture pressure on today’s adolescent and young women to be thin and attractive also play an important role in the development of eating disorders. Thinness in today’s society is associated with self-control, attractiveness, intelligence, happiness , wealth and success. The media, fashion, and the diet industry exploit this myth by bombarding us with products and services designed to push us towards losing weight. As a result, it is not surprising to find that adolescents who are undergoing uncontrollable body changes and the onset of new emotional and sexual drives seek dieting in order to enhance their sense of self-control and acceptance by

others.? Recently it has been discovered that a possible cause for eating disorders is due to an defective hormone. That hormone serotonin, said to activate in response to food, is still a mystery and even though it has some value as a blood clotting factor, but its functions have yet to be totally understood. At the current speed of progress however, it has been said that we should expect definite information as to the cause of an eating disorder in about a decade. Following soon after will be a better form of treatment to help all who have become effected by this dreadful disorder. Both Anorexia and Bulimia have effects and differences on the body that causes the body to take drastic measures to sustain the life of the individual. (for the sake of brevity and to avoid

redundancy the abbreviation ED will be used in pace of eating disorder) The lack of any digested food to become a useful ingredient to the body has detrimental effects to the body as a whole. With each disorder, Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa, you will see how each contributes to this problem. A variety of changes in thought and perception accompany Anorexia Nervosa. Notable behavioral changes, however, center around food. The individual with anorexia often divides her foods into ?good? and ?bad? categories. Good foods are hypocaloric which includes fruits and vegetables, while bad foods are hypercaloric, such as carbohydrates and sweets. The hypocaloric foods are eaten while hypercaloric foods are avoided. Mealtimes are usually skipped or small amounts of foods may be eaten,