Animal Farm 3 Essay Research Paper Chapter — страница 2

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time a good master. Mr. Jones’ main problem is that he drinks too much and neglects the farm. Even his men are “idle and dishonest.” Soon the animals are fed up with Jones (pardon the pun) after not being fed for over a day, so they organize and successfully carry out the long- awaited revolt. The animals rename Manor Farm Animal Farm yet agree not to live in the house. Yet some of the “elite” pigs have already adopted some of Man’s ways; Snowball and Napoleon have suddenly taught themselves to read and write, and soon a list of 7 Commandments is written on the tarred wall. Unfortunately only a few of the animals can actually read the rules. This will come back to haunt them later. Orwell again closes with a eerie foreshadowing. After Snowball and Napoleon order the

animals to work in the hay field, the milk which many of the lower animals asked to drink mysteriously disappears. Napoleon, however, dismisses the milk plea by proclaiming, “The harvest is more important.” Chapter 3 Chapter 3 is uneventful for the most part although it does have a few more important metaphors. For one thing, the pigs are starting to emerge as the “elite” class of animals although all animals are supposed to be equal. Orwell narrates, “The pigs did not actually work, but directed and supervised the others.” Of course the rational is classic and easy to see through. Orwell continues, “With their superior knowledge it was natural that they should assume the leadership.” The not-so-hidden metaphor here is the evidence of a decline in standards. In

other words, though you might think to yourself, “Gee, who cares if the pigs supervise? It’s only natural, like Squealer said,” really that is exactly what Orwell wants you to think. One of his major messages is the idea that a few little white lies here and there do add up to a serious wrong. But I’m getting ahead of myself here. Most of the rest of this chapter is optimistic. The animals do for the most part live in Orwell’s ideal society of socialism. “Nobody stole, nobody grumbled over his rations, the quarreling and biting and jealousy which had been normal features of life in the old days had almost disappeared.” Two more characters were described in detail. Boxer, the loyal horse is said to be the hardest worker. “His answer to every problem, every setback,

is ‘I will work harder!’” Old Benjamin, the donkey, is said to have changed his lifestyle little since the revolt. He seems indifferent to the whole thing. He says, “Donkeys live a long time. None of you has ever seen a dead donkey.” Mollie is the only animal who doesn’t seem to fit in. She’s always thinking about how she looks, etc. She only learns the letters in her name, unlike the others, who energetically learn the whole alphabet. Of course some learn better than others. The dogs and pigs know the most. Some of them are even learning black smithing and other “human” trades. Snowball and Napoleon start to fight and argue over everything. Both pigs enjoy the apples and milk only given to them. Of course this is just in the farm’s “best interest.” Really

pigs don’t like the taste of milk and apples, but force it down in order to stay healthy and help supervise (haha). Chapter 4 Orwell’s fourth chapter is a look into the outside world. This is really more or less a reality check after so much narrative about the utopian lifestyle of Animal Farm. The passage does clear up a few questions any inquisitive reader would have about the outside world. I mean, wouldn’t you think that the other neighboring farmers might think something’s up if one day they see a bunch of pigs supervising horses plow a field? Anyway, Orwell explains, “It was lucky that the owners of the two farms which adjoined Animal Farm were on permanently bad terms.” Anyone considering the allegorical significance of Foxwood and Pinchfield might guess that

they are really just deep metaphors for the nations bordering Russia. (More on this in the metaphor profile section–click on side links.) Anyway, these farmers just shrug off the animal rule as a gimmick and don’t think much of it until they realized that the animals are actually being more productive than Jones had been. They also get a little nervous when they realize that the Animal Farm pigeons have gone to neighboring farms, teaching other animals the “Beasts of England” song and encouraging them to revolt. So the farmers next strategy is to criticize the farm, saying that the animals “practiced cannibalism, tortured one another with red-hot horseshoes, and had their females in common.” This symbolizes the outcry of America and other Western nations during the