Andrew Jackson Essay Research Paper Guardians of

  • Просмотров 240
  • Скачиваний 10
  • Размер файла 15

Andrew Jackson Essay, Research Paper Guardians of Freedom? The first and truest ideals of democracy were embodied in the political ideas of Andrew Jackson and the Jacksonian democrats. Calling themselves the guardians of the United States Constitution, the Jacksonian politicians engendered wide spread liberty under a government which represented all men, rather than only the upper class. While some policies under the democrats had evident flaws, they were, for the most part, eager social reformers who strived to put the power of government into the hands of the common citizens. The convictions and ideals of the Jacksonian Democrats can be best illustrated through a passage written by George Henry Evans. Evans was an editor with strong democratic principles who created ?The

Working Men?s Declaration of Independence? (Doc. A). Within the declaration, Evans stresses the importance of establishing democracy. He uses words and phrases from Jefferson?s ?Declaration of Independence? to clarify his points and stress his convictions. Stating the absolute ?necessity of the organization of the party,? Evans explains that it will be possible to prevent the upper class from subverting the ?indefeasible and fundamental privilege? of liberty. And finally, Evans states that it is the common citizen?s right to use every constitutional means necessary to ?reform the abuses? and ?provide new guards for future security.? In doing so, he documented the characteristic attitude of the majority of the country in the 1820?s and 1830?s. Evans was only one of the many

Jacksonian democrats to contribute to the success of the party and to the reforms that they made. Chief Justice Roger B. Taney?s opinion in the Supreme Court Case of Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge was a capitalist decision which was a typical response for a Jacksonian democrat (Doc. H). This decision stated that while the Charter of 1785 allowed the Charles River Bridge to be constructed, it did not prohibit any other bridges from being constructed. Therefore, Taney decided that the capitalistic competition would be healthy for the economy of the regions along the Charles River. In doing this, Taney was eliminating the monopolies of the elite and creating equal economic opportunities for all citizens. As a result, Taney contributed to one of the major achievements of the

Jacksonian Democrats – to create economic equality. The President of the United States of America and leader of the Democratic party, Andrew Jackson, was perhaps the most outspoken democrat of the time. He used his position as leader of the country to give more power to the common man. Even before his election as president, he succeeded in having the property qualification eliminated, therefore, increasing the voting population tremendously. Jackson became the first president truly elected by the common man, rather than only high society. For the first time in the history of the nation, the middle class received the opportunity to participate in the government that ruled them. Jackson did not stop with the reformation of the election process. Instead, he attacked the Bank of

the United States and vetoed the re-charter for the institution. President Jackson explained that the bank?s stock was held by only foreigners and a few hundred rich American citizens. As a result, the bank maintained an ?exclusive privilege of banking…? – ?a monopoly? (Doc. B). The Democrats believed the bank to be a tool of rich oppression and a dangerous institution because the men in power were of the highest class and utterly ?irresponsible to the people.? So, President Jackson vetoed the re-charter and it was closed. The money was dispersed into several state banks and the monopoly was disintegrated. Indeed, the Democrats succeeded in creating a new government for the rule of a society of middle class citizens. And, the middle class began to prosper under the struggle