Analysis Of Women In Combat Essay Research — страница 2

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years, women that have been captured by an enemy who does not believe in women fighting in the military were brutally raped, beaten, and even killed in some cases. Overall, they were treated far worse than their fellow male prisoners. It’s a fact that many times male prisoners of war have been beaten brutally by their captors, but many that were held with women prisoners will openly state that males were treated much better than the females. On the flip side of safety from captors is the problem of safety among comrades. Were a woman to be placed into an isolated situation, such as the case with men in the jungles of Vietnam, there would be large incidences of rape and sexual harassment. This is a problem that is due entirely to human nature during strenuous and isolated

situations. One needs simply to look how male soldiers behaved during Vietnam to realize this. Stories have come about dealing with issues of males and sexual acts that were performed on fellow male soldiers as well as animals. By looking at those examples, it would not be hard to figure that a female would be treated the same, if not worse. Finally, the committee needed to look at the psychological impact placing women into combat would have on both males and females. The biggest impact would be seen in the male soldiers for many reasons. During the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, Israel allowed women to fight in combat alongside male soldiers. Due to the stereotype places on women as being motherly and nurturing, not killers, the males spent a large part of the battles struggling to

protect the females from incoming fire. They claimed afterwards that it was because they saw their mothers and sisters in the faces of the female soldiers and could not let their family members get killed. The sights of women being maimed and killed during battle destroyed not only the morale of the unit, but the psyche of each male member. The men equated these women to their mothers, and therefore saw images that destroyed them internally. Following the war, many of these men were permanently institutionalized because they were so mentally harmed. They lost all effectiveness to not only fight, but to lead a normal life. By allowing women to fight, Israel had self-destructed a large part of their male military force, leaving them helpless for future battles. To look at the facts

unbiased, the committee needed to place themselves behing the “veil of ignorance” as John Rawls calls it (Bickers & Williams, pg.21). The veil of ignorance is a way of viewing a proposed policy without knowing about ones own characteristics. The committee members would not have known if they were male or female or even what country and background they came from. They would have no idea if they grew up with a mother or sisters living with them, or even if they grew up raised by their father as an only child. By not knowing how the policy would affect them directly they could better look at the issues involved and make a sound decision. After looking at the issue of physical restrictions they would have found that no matter how hard a female were to try, they would always

be less capable of doing certain physical tasks that a man could do. Being incapable would not only put them at risk, but would put the unit at risk due to lack of abilities and lack of confidence from comrades. After looking at those facts, the committee would have decided that physical restrictions were one area that supported a ban on women in combat. If they were then to look at safety from behind the veil they would conclude that there were several safety issues posed that were due entirely to the women themselves. The issue of putting a female at such risk to her captors as well as the risk of her being in isolation for an extended period of time would prove to great to anyone. By not taking into account their own personal characteristics, the committee would have found

that the safety risks were too high for not just the females, but all soldiers involved. This again would hae been another area supporting a ban for women. Finally, had the committee looked at the psychological implications allowing women into combat would pose they also would have found many things true. The risk to the nation’s defense force as well as population as a whole was to great to put aside for the sake of equality among the sexes. The government did not have the right to play with human minds in that way simply so females could be equal to males. By realizing that, the committee would have found a third area to support the proposed ban. After the study was done, the correct thing was done, and women were banned from direct ground combat situations. This policy