Analysis Of Three Of Hawthorne — страница 3
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young wife, so as to be able to recognize the good, and has failed the test” (Adams 72). Admitting that even his innocent wife, Faith, is sinful is too much for Brown to accept. After the meeting, he is so dumbfounded by the fact that all are evil that is “condemns him to a lifetime of faithfulness” (Levy 118). The book is “about Brown’s doubt, his discovery of the possibility of universal evil” (Martin 81). He becomes a distrustful, miserable man until his death. In “Rappaccini’s Daughter,” Beatrice Rappaccini has been impregnated with poison since her birth. This poison, deadly to all others, is like her sister. unfortunately, because it is deadly, she too becomes harmful. This means she must remain within the walls of her garden with the poisonous plant. “A very large concern of the tale is that Beatrice is imprisoned” (Martin 88). This imprisonment results in her being cut from “most…human relationships” (Benzo 142). Giovanni, the one person who meets and falls in love with Beatrice, describes in her face a look of “desolate separation” (Benzo 145). Both being in the garden and filled with poison causes her to live a life of complete solitude and isolation. “This isolation…causes Beatrice her greatest sorrow” (Benzo 142). “Beatrice is toxic: …flowers wither in her hand and lizards and insects die when exposed to her breath” (Bunge 68). Contact with other humans will cause the other person to become poisoned also – as Giovanni did. Rappaccini laughed at Giovanni, “he now stands apart from common man as thou dost, Beatrice…, from ordinary women (Martin 91). Beatrice is a lonely and deadly woman who wants so desperately to be “normal.” Beatrice’s greatest wish is to have love. She would “fain be loved not feared” (Martin 97). She is presented as a “trapped and poisonous [woman] who…needs a special kind of redemption: a prisoner in the garden, her body nourished by poison, she…belongs to God in spirit; her spirit indeed craves love as its daily food” (Martin 88). Beatrice wants to be loved, and she wants to have friends. She wants to share joyous feelings with someone. Growing up with only her scientist father, she is completely alone. Unlike Hawthorne’s other characters, Beatrice hates her isolation. She wants to be with other people, with love, with happiness. Unfortunately, she never receives any of her wishes because she is a sad, but poisonous and deadly creature. The themes of solitude and isolation are depicted in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter, “Young Goodman Brown,” and “Rappaccini’s Daughter.” The definition of solitude is “the state of being alone” (Webster 655). To isolate is to “keep by itself, separate from others” (Webster 381). In his early life, Hawthorne’s mother lived a completely separate, isolated life. At times, Hawthorne would “scarcely see her in three months” (Martin 10). He quickly picked up her lonely habits. As a child, he was often separated from others. During the solitary years, he devoted all of his time to writing using only the most isolated and solitude characters. “[Hawthorne's] men and women are no egotists to whom isolation is a delight; they suffer from it, they try in vain to come out of the shadow and sit down with the rest of the world in the sunshine” (Discovering Authors). Hester Prynne, Arthur Dimmesdale, Goodman Brown, and Beatrice Rappaccini “belong to his exhibit of lonely men, of outcasts, of ‘isolatoes’ is Melville’s word” (Abele 12). Hawthorne’s abundant use of solitude characters and stories comes from all his experiences of isolation. Having an isolated mother and being a writer, it is not so unusual for him to have lived such a separate life. “The life of a serious writer is likely to be in a large part lonely” (Stewart 37). The lonely Nathaniel Hawthorne creates his greatest works using two familiar themes – solitude and isolation.