Analysis Of Three Of Hawthorne — страница 2

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keep my heart warm) it seemed as if I were already in the grave, with only life enough to be chilled and benumbed (Martin 15). Hawthorne realized how isolated his life had become from the world. Sophia helped to pull him out of this solitary period. The adulteress act of Hester Prynne and Arthur Dimmesdale, in The Scarlet Letter, forces the two to live in isolation for the rest of their lives. “Hester and Dimmesdale sin and are isolated by that sin” (Ringe 90). Hester Prynne, “alone and independent by decree…” (Martin 118), spends all her time in her tiny home with only her baby, Pearl. After the first scaffold scene, both Hester and Dimmesdale “begin to work out their penance in isolation” (Ringe 90). Hester feels so guilty and sinful that she wants to be away from

the world. “[She] becomes absorbed with a morbid meddling of conscience, and continues to focus her attention on self when she feels that none is so guilty as she” (Ringe 90). The scarlet letter “A” that she must wear, makes her “…an outcast from social joy forever (Stoddard 8). However, this “[shame, despair, and solitude] made her strong and taught her much amiss” (Martin 21). Being on her own teaches Hester a great deal. unfortunately, “the price of her new intelligence…is isolation” (Ringe 91). Through this isolation from the community, Hester acquires an intellect which enables her to look at human institutions with a fresh point of view (Ringe 91). She becomes more caring and helps by “…performing small services for [the community]…” (Lewis

21). Hester’s only friend is Dimmesdale, whom she can no longer be with. She is completely alone with no friends or companions. She has been living on the “outskirts of town,” attempting to cling to the community by performing small services for it (Lewis 21), though: In all her intercourse with society, there was nothing that made her feel as if she belonged to it. Every gesture, every word, and even the silence of those with whom she came in contact, implied…that she was banished, and as much alone as if she inhabited another sphere… (Arvin 13). The community’s “social ostracism made her into a type of moral solitude” (Levin 22). Hester Prynne becomes a lonely woman, isolated from everyone. Her overwhelming sense of guilt forces her to live in a world full of

darkness and gloom. “It is Dimmesdale whom secretly tortures” (Doren 15). Arthur Dimmesdale through the seven years, stood a witness of Hester’s misery and solitude. He watches Hester’s public isolation while suffering from his own privately. Dimmesdale silently torturing inside, engages in “heterodox modes of self- punishment” (Abele 47). “[He] suffers in complete isolation, for the sin is all within him…” (Ringe 90). He is miserable and lives in complete solitude, rarely leaving his home. He “becomes suspicious of all mankind and seeks reasons for his keeping silent” (Ringe 90). He deliberately isolates himself from the town for fear that someone will find out about his sinful life. He is “a prisoner in the dungeon of his own heart” (Brodhead 162).

Revealing himself would release his fear of recognition, thus would rid him of his isolation. Unfortunately, he chooses solitude rather than having to consistently facing the people to make him feel less guilty. Dimmesdale becomes a sad, tortured, miserable man until he confesses, then dies. “Young Goodman Brown” is a story of a decent man who is transformed into a “stern, a darkly meditative, a distrustful man…” (Bunge 11). He sees visions of evil in the forest that devastate him permanently. “Brown turns away [from the meeting] at the last moment because he does not want to confess his evil. Ironically, his exemplary behavior produces a life of isolation and gloom” (Bunge 11). He quickly concludes that there is “no good on earth” (Martin 87). He spends the

rest of his life isolated from the town and even his wife. He “…shrinks away from the minister, wonders what god Deacon is praying to, snatches a child from Goody Cloyse, and passes his wife, Faith,…without saying a word” (Adams 72). Brown can no longer distinguish good from evil. He trusts no one, and hates everyone. “…he is forever blind to the world as it normally presents itself” (Martin 81). Things that were once ordinary and plain are now suspicious. The vision “turns his world inside out and compels him to live and die in a gloom born of his inverted sense of moral reality” (Martin 87). The most immediately apparent reason for Brown’s final state of mind is that he has been required to face and acknowledge the evil in himself and others, including his