Analysis Of Francis Devine

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Analysis Of Francis Devine’s “A Terrible Beauty” Essay, Research Paper Analysis of Francis Devine?s ?A Terrible Beauty? When first confronted with the poem, ?A Terrible Beauty?, the reader would presumable not get any understanding out of the title. After reading the poem the reader can get the basic idea and create a clear picture of the setting and the tone from the speaker. The subject was a black man getting beaten by a group of Irish somewhere in Ireland. The reader does not recognize the theme of the poem right away. After recognizing the last two lines: ? Is this the terrible beauty / we have reared?, (51-51) as an allusion, the reader makes a reference back to the poem by William Butler Yeats. In the poem by Yeats, ?Easter 1916?, the reader can interpret some

irony and discover the theme. The theme is a question: how could Irishmen beat a black man in such an appalling racist way after encountering racism themselves? The discussion will include five aspects of poetic discourse: imagery, tone of the poem/speaker, diction, allusions, and irony. The poem is divided into eight stanzas and fifty-two lines; there is no rhythm or rhyme connection them. The poem begins with the line: ?They were beating him?(1, 5, 9, 13), and explains he was a black man, but as the reader continues to the end of the second stanza some repetition of that line is notices. The repetition is there to create an emphasis on the racism these Irishmen showed towards this black man. In stanzas three and four it is clarified that the speaker is opposed to what the group

has done to the man, with the lines, ?Effing nigger lover? (18) and ?As I helped him stand?, (21) The poem continues and explains that the black man did not want help. As the reader starts with stanza seven and goes on, the speaker is just thinking, and trying to make an understanding of what he has just witnessed. The speaker then explains that he and many other Irish were once victims of some racism. Finally in the last stanza, a question: ?Is this the terrible beauty / we have reared? (51-52), referring to Ireland as being beautiful, but also a terrible place, as depicted in the poem with the beating. Imagery is very frequently used throughout this poem. The imagery is there to create a mood, and to help the reader get a distinct picture of things that are taking place in the

poem. The reader can get a clear picture of what the speaker is observing in stanza two. When he says, ?jackals at some other beast?s kill? (8); the reader gets the idea of how low this group of young men appeared. The line, ?A passive, stuffing-less rag doll? (10), creates a picture of how weak and defenseless this black man is. The imagery in stanzas four and five helps the reader to picture how the black man appeared when the speaker helped him up, with these lines: his teeth trembling, oozing blood (25) as if he had been guzzling cherries (26) his eyebrows slit like Dick Tiger (29) In stanza eight the reader can picture the signs reading, ?No Wogs, No Dogs, No Irish? (43); this helps in interpreting and forming many conclusions about meanings in the poem. When picturing the

signs with racial comments, the reader can also picture and understand how the speaker is feeling about the situation before him. The first five stanzas of the poem are presenting the reader with something important that is taking place; the speaker?s tone is somewhat sympathetic showing compassion towards the beaten black man as he harshly describes what the Irishmen had done to him. Entering the seventh stanza a reading through to the end the reader can notice that the tone has changed. In the last three stanzas it is as if the speaker is thinking about what he has just witnessed and is analyzing the situation. The tone in this section of the poem manifests confusion; the speaker is confused because of the irony of the situation. The speaker ends the poem with a question: ?Is