Analysis Of Broken Windows Essay Research Paper — страница 2
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additional income, and the residents feel safer? (Wilson 15). Wilson and Kelling?s article point out a few other interesting details about crime and whom it happens to. Contrary to popular belief, the elderly and seemingly helpless are not necessarily the targets of thieves and muggers. ?Young men are more frequently attacked than older women, not because they are easier or more lucrative targets because they are on the streets more? (Wilson 7). Many people who feel they are targets tend to stay off the street for the most part or avoid confrontation that would lead to a negative outcome. The stigma all young people commit crime is proven to be adopted by the majority of population. For example, ?When an interviewer asked people in a housing project where the most dangerous spot was, they mentioned a place where young persons gathered?despite the fact that not a single crime had occurred there? (Wilson 7). Overall, Wilson and Kelling?s description of how crime escalates in an area, who are victims of crime, and how it should be solved differs very much from that of what was determined previous to this article. Instead of crime being attributed to factors like poverty, racism, and abnormalities, one could add lack of care in a neighborhood. Instead of victims being the elderly or defenseless there are instead found to be the most capable of committing the crimes themselves. Instead of putting more cops in police cars and patrolling the area from nine to five, have fewer cops on foot and have them live in the neighborhood they are patrolling. Wilson and Kelling pointed out many differences on how crime works and suggested many different ways to handle it. There are some elements of criminological theory being used in the conceiving of the article ?Broken Windows?. The basis of the article?s title, ?Broken Windows?, is that if a window is broken in a building and not taken care of, more will appear. Another example used in the article dealt with the vandalism of a car. The theory was that ?even for people who ordinarily would not dream of doing such things and who probably consider themselves law-abiding? (Wilson 6). This point stresses that any person can be trained to adopt a pattern of behavior, which is taken right from differential association theory. Normally, the person or persons wouldn?t dream of vandalizing a car, however, seeing other people who look and act like you vandalize a car one could assume it is all right. Another part of differential association theory Wilson and Kelling agree with is that one should pay attention to who his/her intimates are and a higher since of community. They agree with the analogy that ?It takes a village to raise a child?. They believe the breakdown of community leads to the breakdown of individuals just like the corruption of someone?s intimates can corrupt therefore corrupt them. Part of another theory Wilson and Kelling agree with is sub-culture theory and the notion of ?we? versus ?them. In this particular case, ?we? is defined as groups of citizens on the street, while ?they? is defined as the police or law enforcement. They determined that if we can eliminate ?we? versus ?them? by taking police out of their cars and onto the streets. They believe this will create a more personable environment and breakdown some of the social barriers or taboos between an everyday citizen and a cop. I believe Wilson and Kelling ?hit the nail on the head?. By making police officers more formal in assisting their citizens and their surroundings, one creates a safer environment for everyone to live in. However, many police officers only partly agree with that conclusion. ?Ninety-eight percent of officers agreed that assisting citizens is as important as enforcing the law, but 88 percent also said that enforcing the law is an officer’s most important responsibility? (Mastrofski 3). Cops believe that it is important but not a number one priority. Wilson and Kelling make sense and hopefully the article they wrote would change the way people think about community policing and victimization. Policing Neighborhoods: A Report from St. Petersburg Stephen D. Mstrofski Copyright 1990. Broken Windows: The Police and Neighborhood Safety James Q. Wilson and George L. Kelling The Atlantic Monthly March 1982.