Анализ ЮКОСа. Деятельность, стратегии развития, история

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YUKOS` Mission is to contribute to economic prosperity and social progress in the regions where the Company does business. YUKOS` Primary Challenge is to make the Company work as effectively as possible in the interests of our shareholders, employees, partners, customers, and society as a whole. Brief story of YUKOS Headquartered in Moscow, Russia, YUKOS is one of Russia's largest and fastest-growing publicly traded fully integrated petroleum companies and a leader in production, refining, light product yield, and market capitalization growth in Russia. The Company is involved in just about every aspect of the oil industry, from the well head to the filling station, and is now seeking to become a large gas producer as well. YUKOS' principal production assets are located in

the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous District and Tomsk Region of Western Siberia and the Samara Region along the Volga River in European Russia. Recent acquisitions have expanded the Company's reach into Eastern Siberia and the Yamal Nenetsk Autonomous District in Russia's Far North. YUKOS has five principal refineries in Russia, ranging geographically from the Samara Region in the west to Angarsk near Lake Baikal in Eastern Siberia, as well as being the majority owner and operator of the largest refinery in the Baltic States, in Mazeikiai, Lithuania. YUKOS also runs eighteen distribution companies and more than 1,100 filling stations under the YUKOS brand name. The Company currently employs about 100,000 people. YUKOS' international management team is committed to implementing global

best practices such as good corporate governance and transparency, improving efficiency and performance, and creating superior value for its shareholders, customers, and employees. Soviet Oil Industry Restructured In the early 1990s, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, in Russia began privatisation, because government did not have enought money to keep all plants and factories that were nationalised in the 1930th -1950th. . At this time were formed Russian gangsterism and mafia. People from government and their friends were the first who began to buy property. The same situation was in the Russian oil industry - it consisted of hundreds of stand-alone state-owned entities, each with a narrow area of specialization, limited geographic reach, and specific economic interests.

Many of these were inefficient, unprofitable, and overstaffed, and survived only by virtue of continued state support. The Russian government set out to fundamentally restructure the sector to make it viable in a global market environment by combining groups of existing entities and corporatizing them to create vertically integrated oil companies. Thus it was that YUKOS was founded on April 15, 1993 by Decree No. 354 of the Russian government. First Fully Privatized Russian Oil Company In 1995 structure YUKOS` included association "Samarneftegas", new marketing enterprises, line of research institutes. At the end of 1997 YUKOS having paid more than $ 1 billion, became the owner of a control package of the shares of East petroleum company uniting 12 enterprises at the

centre of Siberia. In 2000 YUKOS has got 68 % of the shares of East-Siberian oil and gas company. In 2001 YUKOS became the owner of Angarkaya petrochemical company in Irkutsk area. In April, 2002 YUKOS has got 49 % of the shares state Slovak oil company Transpetrol - operator of main oil pipelines in territory of Slovakia. Besides in 2002 the Company carried out the bargain on purchase of a package of the shares of the Lithuanian concern Mazeikiu Nafta, into which enter Mazheykyayskiy petrochemical plant, terminal Buteinge and Birzhayskiy oil pipelines. Today YUKOS is the largest shareholder Mazeikiu Nafta and has the rights to operation of business. In an active of the Company have appeared "Arktikzan", "Rospan" and "Urengoil". Results of the 2003