An Introduction To Schizophrenia Essay Research Paper

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An Introduction To Schizophrenia Essay, Research Paper Schizophrenia or Sz is one of the most destructive illnesses known to man, although not that much has actually been known about it since recent progressive research. It usually hits at the most crucial point in a persons life, soon after high school, when a person is beginning to become independant and forming a life for themselves. Sz has many different forms and faces, but also has very predictable symptoms and progression and although the illness is very destructive, it is on average very treatable when diagnosed. In the past, there has been very many ?stigmas? or rumors about this illness and it has been widely misunderstood and because of that, it has been very hard for people suffering from scizophrenia. The word

?schizophrenia? has a greek origin, ?schizo? meaning splitting and ?phrenia? meaning of the mind. This term can be misinterpreted and confused with the idea of split-personality disorders, so even its name could be partially blamed for the stigmas surrouding the illness. Sz was first described in 1896 in a study by German psychiatrist, Dr. Emil Kraepelin. The term he coined was ?dementia praecox? or precocious mental deterioration. It is still very unclear what causes Sz, although there are many theories as to how this illness develops. The first theory is that it is a hereditary or genetic disease. It has been noted that Sz seems to run in families and it is possible that you inherit a tendancy to develop this illness. Similarily to other genetic illnesses, Sz surfaces when the

body is undergoing major physical and hormonal changes like during puberty, and in the young adult years. Another theory is that schizophrenia is caused by a chemical imbalance. People with Sz either produce too much or have a high sensitivity to the chemical, dopamine, which is a neurotransmitter that allows nerve cells in the brain to send messages to each other. An imbalance of this chemical interferes with the way that the brain interprets certain stimuli and that causes the person to be overwhelmed by sensory information. This problem of processing sounds, tastes, smells, sights and feelings can also lead to hallucinations or delusions. Another less common theory is that scizophrenia is caused by problems during pregnancy or viral infections. Some researchers insist that

poor nutrition and care during pregnacy can be a major cause of Sz. When Sz first begins to develop, the person might start to feel antisocial or depressed. Observers might think that the person is becoming lazier and more apathetic than usual and this could be interpreted as just rude behavior instead of an illness. Symptoms of the illness are referred to as ?positive? and ?negative?. Positive symptoms are characteristics that are not experienced by the average person like delusions, disorganized thinking, agitation and hallucinations while negative symptoms are characteristics that the average person has but are lacked by the ill person. Lack of motivation and drive, social withdrawl, depression, lack of emotion and expression are just to name a few. The positive symptoms are

what people tend to associate with schizophrenia and the most widely known symptom is the experiencing of hallucinations. These hallucinations can come in many forms. The most common form of hallucinations are those of auditory nature. The person might hear odd noises or voices that comment on the actions and behaviors of the individual. These voices might tell the person to do things and therefore could be very potentially dangerous, seeing that these voices are virtually impossible to ignore or resist. Another form of hallucination are those of the visual nature. These can greatly attribute to delusional behavior and seriously confuse or scare the individual. Other hallucinations include smell or afactory hallucinations, sematic hallucinations or pains, and taste or gustatory