An Article Review Essay Research Paper Introduction — страница 2

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(Munsell color 5R5/6) Second, neutral (Munsell color N9/78.7%R, a slightly grayed white) Third, blue-green (Munsell color 5BG5/6) A single Venetian blind colored off-white covering a single window The blind was closed at all times to control sunlight variations Two fixtures that provided incandescent lighting, each powered by 300 watts No attempted to control sound, but the office door was closed during testing Temperature equaled 77 degrees F plus or minus 8 degrees F Typical office furniture One IBM electric typewriter One touch-tone phoneProcedure: The subjects underwent a pretest and a posttest that measured performance and mood.The test for performance was the result of a pretest and posttest that involved the skill of typing. The subjects

underwent a 3 minute pretest and posttest that checked for the total number of words typed, number of errors, and error-to-word ratio. The testing tool to measure mood was that of the Eight State Questionnaire developed by Curran & Cattell (1985) to measure anxiety, depression, and arousal. The tests and tasks to be accomplished was completed by each individual alone in the office environment. The three groups of 15 underwent the same testing procedures and had to accomplish the same tasks in the same office room. The only difference between the three groups was that of the color of the office environment. The first group of 15 individuals worked in the office when it was painted red, the second group worked in the office room when it was painted white, and the last group of

15 worked in the room when it was painted blue-green. Each individual under went the following procedure that approximately took about an hour to complete per subject:1. Complete the Eight State Questionnaire pretest prior to entering the office.2. Complete a 2 minute warm-up typing exercise that was not scored.3. Complete a scored 3 minute pretest typing exercise.4. Type a 20 minute report.5. Complete a filing exercise of 24 reference cards.6. Place a phone call.7. Complete a 3 minute posttest typing exercise8. Complete the Eight State Questioner posttest while still in the office.Results The results of the research project in all cases of the hypothesis, none were supported. In the areas of testing the two dependent variables of performance and mood there was little variation

of change in the pretest and of the posttest results. Ainsworth, Simpson, and Cassell concluded that the color of the working environment didn t influence the subject s mood or performance in this particular study. The implications of the research was that it supported the results of a previous research project conducted by Kwallek (1988) which found evidence that suggested the difference of color in a working environment didn t produce significant changes in an individuals mood. Ainsworth, Simpson, and Cassell s results also contrasted with some other studies conducted prior to their project. The research projects conducted by Walters (1982) and Jacobs & Suess (1975) both suggested that color did have an effect on an individual s mood. The authors of this research project

did note that the difference in the contrasting studies could be the results of the researchers of this project used different testing methods and tools while conducting the experiment.Conclusion This particular research project lacked a consistency in testing in one particular area i.e. The Eight State Questionnaire. The pretest of the questionnaire should have been administered inside the working environment to keep consistent with the posttest that was given within the same room. The rationale behind this comment is that if one is testing to see if it s color that influences an individual s behavior, then one should try to rule out all the other variables that come into play. If the pretest would have been given in the same room as the posttest, then one would have a base line

to compare results of the study. One has to ask, what was the color of the room that the pretest was given? How were conditions in the other rooms? Was lighting, sound, space, artifacts, etc. considered or controlled in the room that the pretest was given in? On the other hand, if both of the tests were given in the same room and showed significant variations in the results, one would have to consider was it the color of the room that brought about the results or was it perhaps the tasks that may have brought about the results? This would constitute another experiment whereas the tasks would be changed to that of a remedial nature and not stress the importance of accuracy, such as typing. If the results didn t change, then one could postulate and/or suggest that color of the