American System of Education

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Министерство образования Саратовской области Муниципальное общеобразовательное учреждение Лицея № 37 Фрунзенского района American System of Education Творческая работа: Учащейся 11 «А» класса МОУ Лицея № 37 Шилиной Ксении Андреевны Научный руководитель: Учитель английского языка Батушанская Ольга Михайловна Саратов, 2009 г Contents I Introduction 2.1 Historical Background 2.2 A Brief Account of American Education: Differences and Similarities 2.3 Standards 2.4 American School from the Point of View of Russian Teenagers 2.5 What

American Students think of their Educational System 2.6 Alumni’s Experience 3 Conclusion List of Literature 1 Introduction Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of English gives the following definition of education: “A process of teaching, training and learning, especially in schools or colleges, to improve knowledge and developing skills”. To serve their citizens and help the country prosper all countries in the world without exception provide public education to children and teenagers as one of its main goals is to prepare students for productive citizenship, work and adult life. All this makes the notion of education universal while each country has its own system of education determined by its history, political system, culture, traditions and so on. The collapse of

the iron curtain, modern technological developments like the Internet and ability to travel the world enable Russian students and educators to get more or less good idea of educational system of English speaking countries. The expansion of American culture, dominance of American movies on television familiarizes Russian viewers and movie-goers with life of American teenagers and American school. However a survey conducted among the high school students of Lyceum 37 proved that their awareness of American educational system leaves much to be desired. So we have decided to examine the system of American education from different angles; that of the official sources such as Close up Foundation publications, American students and Russian participants of exchange programs and compare

it to the opinions of Russian high school students. Besides the above mentioned publications and public survey our research is based on the comments on American school system made by the students of the Sun Prairie High School, Sun Prairie, Wisconsin. 2.1 Historical Background Americans have always valued education. They have shown great concern for it since early colonial times. Among the first settlers, in fact, there was an unusually high proportion of educated men. In the Massachusetts Bay colony in early 1600s, as the British historian Rouse pointed out, “there was an average of one university man to every 40 or 50 families – much higher than in Old England”. In 1647 Massachusetts passed the law which required all towns with more than 50 families to provide a

schoolmaster at public expense. It ran like this: “It is being one chief project of that old deluder Satan to keep men from the knowledge of the Scriptures… by persuading from the use of tongues…that learning may not be buried in the graves of our fathers in the church and common wealth, the Lord assisting our endeavors: It is therefore ordered that every township in this jurisdiction, after the Lord has increased them to the number of 50 householders, shall then forthwith appoint one within the town to tech all such children as shall resort to him to write and read, whose wages shall be paid either by the parents or masters of such children, or by the inhabitants in general…”1 And it was further ordered that “where any town shall increase to the number of 100