American Rev 2 Essay Research Paper American — страница 2

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American women became actively involved in this protest, since they were the main consumers of tea in America. Riots and protests burst across the county, the biggest and most influential one being the famous Boston Tea Party . In this riot, an English boat carrying tea shipments was docked in the Boston Harbor. Three bands of fifty men each went aboard the ship, and wildly emptied the tea chests overboard into the harbor. The Boston Massacre exemplifies how British military measures backfired and allowed the Americans to gain a sense of unity in working towards a common goal of independence. What actually happened in the event was a bit unclear to historians. It seems as though there was a scuffle between British soldiers stationed in the town of Boston and Boston laborers. The

soldiers had started to compete with the Bostonians for jobs during their off-duty hours, and, to put it lightly, the Bostonians were not pleased. On March 5th, 1770, the situation got out of hand. In the end, British soldiers killed 5 innocent people when they fired into the angry crowd. This Boston Massacre was used as pro-revolutionary propaganda and spread across America like wildfire the injustices of British rule. Paul Revere painted horrid images of the soldiers ruthlessly killing the innocent workers, and Samuel Adams, one of the most effective radicals in America, told stories of oppression, corruption, and sin in England. He organized a committee of correspondence, which openly publicized the complaints American had with England, and other colonies followed

Massachusetts s example in forming political organizations of their own. It could be said that if not for the legacy of religious and political ideas in the colonies, the spirit of revolution would never have had the potential to exist in America. In the early 1760 s, when the revolutionary ideas were just starting to emerge, people could look to two sources of information in order to justify their radical ideas: the Bible and John Locke. The Bible told stories of an unjust King in Israel and how he was overthrown when he imposed unfair taxes on his people. This allowed the colonists to believe God was on their side, and that he supported what they were doing: rebelling against unjust laws. The colonists also looked to another man for ideas on revolution, an Enlightenment

philosopher named John Locke. Ironically enough, Locke, one of the most important men in prompting the Americans to revolt against England, was English himself. An extremely influential man, he argued that humans had natural rights to life, liberty, and property. If the government at any point took these natural rights away from the people, it was not only acceptable, but considered the people s duty to rebel. Traces of Locke s ideas can still be seen in the Declaration of Independence, which states every man has the natural right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. The restriction of civil liberties by the British on the Americans was another factor that prompted the revolution in 1776. The glaring example in this case would be the Mutiny (Quartering) Act of 1765. In

this act, the colonists were forced to assist in maintaining and providing quarters for the British Army. In modern times, this could be deemed completely unconstitutional; however, there existed no constitution during the times of the Quartering Act. The fact that there was a strong resentment towards the British by the colonists would be an understatement. When they were obliged to live with the people they resented, a spirit of revolution was evoked. There already existed strong feelings of resentment towards England due to the Currency Act of 1764. This unjust act took away the colonial assembly s ability to issue paper money, as well as to retire all paper money currently in circulation. These revolutionary ideas were awoken once again, when in 1767, Townshend suspended the

New York Assembly. His justification for suspending the Assembly was a reaction to the colonist s inability to follow the Quartering Act . The Americans were infuriated when they rebelled before in hopes of reform, they instead received more oppression and restriction of civil liberties from England. If these factors had not intersected in the ways that they did, the Americans would most likely not have rebelled in 1776. First, they needed to have a spirit of revolution in their minds, which was provided to them by John Locke and then was justified religiously by the Bible. Second, Britain had to take measures that would instigate and anger the people. They did this when they restricted their civil liberties in various Acts. Finally, there had to be measures taken that were so