American Government Essay Research Paper American GovernmentGovernment

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American Government Essay, Research Paper American Government Government is the institution through which society makes and enforces its public policies. It is the agency through which the state exerts its will and works to accomplish its goals. Government consists of the machinery and the personnel by which the state is ruled. The type of government we have in the United States of America is a democracy.A democracy can be defined as a system of government in which supreme authority rests with the people. With this system of rule, the individual has a lot of power. The 1st,4th,and 14th Amendments attempt to uphold the sentiments of The United States Declaration of Independence. The 1st and 14th Amendments? protections of free speech and a free press serve two fundamentally

important purposes. One is to guarantee to each person a right to free expression- in a spoken and the written word, and by all other means of communication, as well. The other important purpose is to ensure to all persons a full, wide-ranging discussion of public affairs. This means that the 1st and 14th Amendments give all people the right to have their say and to hear what others have to say. Though the 1st and 14th Amendments guarantee freedom of freedom and expression, no person has unbridled right of free speech or free press. Many reasonable restrictions can be placed on those rights. No person has the right to libel or slander another. Libel is the false and malicious use of printed words; slander is such use of spoken words. Similarly, the law prohibits the use of

obscene words, the printing and distributing of obscene materials, and false advertising. These Amendments protect the rights of an individual, though there are some slight restrictions it states. Another Amendment that attempts to uphold the sentiments of The United States Declaration of Independence is the 4th Amendment. This Amendment grew out of colonial practice. It was designed to prevent the use of writs of assistance-blanket search warrants with which British customs officials had invaded private homes to search for smuggled goods. The general rule laid down by the 4th Amendment says that Police officers have no general right to search for evidence or to seize either evidence or persons. Except in particular circumstances, they must have a proper warrant obtained with

probable cause-that is, reasonable grounds. The Supreme Court has often said that police need a search warrant whenever the person targeted by the search has ?a reasonable expectation of privacy?. The particular place is not that important, for the Constitution ?protects people-and not simply areas-against unreasonable searches and seizures?. The court first made that important point in Katz v. United States, 1967. There is a important problem posed upon the 4th Amendment that is still being refined, the exclusionary rule. The Problem is, if an unlawful search or seizure does occur, what use can be made of the evidence that is found? If that ?tainted evidence? can be used in court, then the 4th Amendment offers no real protection to a person accused of a crime. The exclusionary

rule deals with this by stating the rule that evidence gained as a result of an illegal act by police cannot be used against the person from who it was seized. Once again, our government protects us by giving us some individual rights. In closing, the 1st, 4th and 14th amendments were made to be exemplary of The United States Declaration of Independence which states that ? all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable Rights that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.? These three Amendments enable individuals living in the United States to be able to live life to the ?fullest.? Our democratic government enables individuals to start from the same ?platform?. One may choose to take a different road than another but