Amelia Earhart And Sally Ride Essay Research — страница 2

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Space Center. More than 8,000 people applied to be in this program. Sally became one of the 208 finalists. From these finalists, NASA would select the35 best candidates to be astronauts. All the finalists were asked to visit the Johnson Space Center to answer questions and take some tests. In January 1978, NASA announced that the 35 people had been chosen. Sally was one of the six women chosen. The finalists had to complete a year of training to become astronauts. In 1982, Sally Ride’s life was changed forever. She had been chosen, along with three men, for the flight of shuttle STS-7, called Challenger. A doctor, also male, would join the crew later on to take care of medical issues on the flight. Commander Robert Crippen said that Sally was chosen because she was a competent

engineer, cool under stress, and had a pleasing personality. Hundreds of reporters called NASA to talk to the first American spacewoman. The reporters paid more attention to Sally than to anyone else in the STS-7 crew. Sally was honored that NASA chose her to be the first woman in space, but it was important to her that people didn’t think that she was chosen only because she was a woman. Although Sally had a full resume at this point, she decided to add ‘wife’ to the list. Sally married Dr. Steven Hawley in 1982. He was a mission specialist in the 1978 astronaut group. They had a private wedding, and only their close friends and relatives were there. The year before the mission was spent training for the flight. Training included practicing the steps of the mission and

getting to know the shuttle’s parts. Finally, on June 18, 1983, Challenger lifted off from Cape Canaveral, Florida. Almost half a million people watched from around the launch site as the space shuttle soared into the sky. Challenger was in space for seven days. “The crew’s mission consisted of three tasks. They launched communications satellites for the Canadian and Indonesian government and they conducted experiments involving the production of pharmaceuticals. In addition, they tested the shuttle’s remote manipulator arm, which they used to release a satellite, then retrieve it and place it in the shuttle’s cargo area. After her flight, Sally spoke to many groups about her experiences as an astronaut. She encouraged young girls and women to become scientists or

astronauts. Sally said, “When I go out and give talks at schools and an eight-year-old girl in the audience raises her hand and asks what she needs to do to become an astronaut, I like that”. In 1984, Sally went on a second space flight. On this mission, she used the remote manipulator arm to launch a satellite designed to measure the sun’s effect on the Earth’s weather. Although they achieved goals in different fields of air travel, Amelia Earhart and Sally Ride were very much alike. They were both tomboys when they were growing up, which made them feel that they were equal to men. It seemed as if their career choices were almost preordained by their tomboy-like activities during their early years. They had always trained to be as good as men and their success in their

chosen fields was proof of their outstanding abilities. Both of them made the conscious decision not to have children. They felt that children would interfere in achieving the goals that they had set for themselves. They both set records for women in the area of travel. After they set these records, they both spoke to women about air or space travel. They encouraged women not to be afraid to be professionals even though it is a man’s world out there. Although their lives followed similar paths, they were different in many important aspects of their lives. Most importantly, they lived in different times. Usually this wouldn’t make any difference, but in this case timing was a very important aspect. Amelia Earhart lived in a time where there were no women in the workplace and

the few women that did work were looked upon as improper and not modest. The fact that Amelia Earhart defied these so called laws that society imposed upon women was considered very daring and she received a lot of criticism for what she did. However, Sally Ride lived in a time where many women were employed. The women that worked were considered courageous and were praised for their efforts. Therefore, when Sally Ride took off from Cape Canaveral, half a million people were there to give her support. Another important difference between Amelia and Sally was that Amelia died trying to break her record but Sally survived and was able to tell of her experiences. When Amelia disappeared Americans were disappointed because they would never hear Amelia’s experiences on her last