Alzheimers Disease Essay Research Paper ALZHEIMERS DISEASEAlois

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Alzheimers Disease Essay, Research Paper ALZHEIMER?S DISEASE Alois Alzheimer was the first man to discover Alzheimer?s disease. Before this discovery, the illness was classified as insanity. There is now a more sensitive understanding of this disease. Alzheimer?s is a disease that slowly, but surely, causes one to lose his memory. Symptoms are simple like one not being able to remember where he placed his keys. Slowly he begins to forget names and telephone numbers until eventually most of his memory is gone. Forsyth and Ritzline claim that Alzheimer?s affects mainly middle-aged and older people, although there has been one case of a twenty-eight year old having this disease. Alzheimer?s affects women more than men. Forsyth and Ritzline state that this disease has affected

over 4 million people in the U.S. and the number is rising. By the middle of the twenty first century over 14 million Americans are expected to have Alzheimer?s disease. Ten percent of the individuals who are 65 years and older have this disease or the early onsets. For individuals 85 and older, the ten percent rises to an astounding 42.7 percent. One can see that the chance of getting this disease increases with age. Cohen and Eisdorfer say many scientists have attempted to find medications that may cure or prevent this terrible disease; however, they have not had much luck. Some medications available to Alzheimer?s victims only treat disorders like sleeping, nervousness, and anxiety. These are called antipsychotic medications like Thorazine, Prolaxin, and Haldol. Cohen and

Eisdorfer say that in addition to antipsychotic medications there are two other major categories of medications: anti-inflamitory and psychotropic. Anti-inflamitory drugs are used to reduce inflammation and can keep the healthy tissue of the brain from dying. Psychotropic dugs affect mental activity and are also used to treat behavior. ?Psychotropic? is a word that pertains only to the drugs that help influence the behavior of patients, their brain, and their emotions. Sleepiness, costipation, blurred vision, dry mouth, and bladder problems are all common side effects of people taking psychotropic drugs. Mike Akins states cognex and aricept are both psychotropic drugs. Cognex was the first drug approved by the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) to help fight against Alzheimer?s.

Cognex is taken four times a day, and its side effects are horrible compared to aricept. Aricept is a new drug recetly approbed by the FDA to help fight against Alzheimer?s Aricept may more commonly be called by its generic name donepezil. Aricept is only taken at bedtime. Its side affects make some people feel dizzy or light-headed. This drug also can possibly be a big threat to patients who have certain heart conditions. Aricept threatens people because it can lower their heart rate. Aricept does have some advantages over cognex. Cognex requires liver function monitoring. This means that blood tests have to be taken quite often. Aricept does not have to be monitored, and the side effects seem to be more tolerable than those of cognex. Both aricept and cognex make patients

function intellectually about the same. Fackelmann claims that all these drugs have helped in the fight against Alzheimer?s, but recently scientists have discovered that estrogen also helps. ?Estrogen has been shown to influence several areas in the brain that are involved in cognition and behavior,? says researcher Uriel Halbreich of the State University of New York at Buffalo. Estrogen may be the miracle drug we have been searching for in the treatment of Alzheimer?s disease. Wilkinson says that Alzheimer?s is thought of as occurring in three stages. However, these three stages have no decisive point where one stage ends and another one starts. In the first stage, the patient is absent-minded, tired, and unresponsive. Memory loss is crucial because when it is lost, it is gone