Alternative Work Schedules Essay Research Paper Alternative

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Alternative Work Schedules Essay, Research Paper Alternative Work Schedules Alternative Schedules offer both the employer and employee a versatile and innovative work scheduling program in the work place. In recent years, the importance of flexible and compressed work schedules have been enhanced by the emergence of work and family issues. As the workforce ages, becomes more culturally diverse, and women make up a greater percentage of the work force, management officials are grappling with ways to resolve conflicts that arise when an employee’s work and family responsibilities collide. Alternative Work Schedules (AWS) are non-traditional work programs that allow employees an alternative to the standard 8 to 5, Monday through Friday workweek. An alternative work schedule

refers to varying types of flexible and compressed work schedules. Compressed Work Schedule (CWS) means a full time employee who has an 80-hour biweekly basic work requirement can choose to work more than 8 hours per day in order to complete the basic work requirement in less than 10 days. Examples of a compressed work weeks are the 4/10 schedule, in which an employee works 10 hours a day four days each week, or the 3/13 where a full time employee works 13 hours and 20 minutes each day three days a week for 40 hours per week, or the 5/4-9 model which schedules employees to work nine hours a day for 8 days and 8 hours one day gaining one extra day off every other week. Flexible Work Schedule (FWS) refers to a full time employee who has an 80-hour biweekly basic work requirement

can choose to vary his or her times of arrival to and departure from the work site within the limits set by the requirements of the position and consistent with the policies of the agency. The difference between the two types of schedules mentioned above are, flexible work schedule frequently referred to as flextime replaces the fixed shift work-day, by breaking the day into two types of time bands, core time and flex time. Within a flexible work schedule, an employee must be present during core time and must work the total number of hours for which she or he has contracted. On the other hand compressed work schedules modify the basic work requirement to less than 10 days but continue with required shifts that make up a pre-established biweekly pay period. A compressed work week

may be the flexible work arrangement you need as part of your work and family balance management strategy, but you must first carefully consider the personal advantages and disadvantages. On the positive side, most employees appreciate having a regular full day off, while still preserving full-time income. Additionally, the commute to and from work may outside the usual “rush hour” traffic time because of the extended work day, and thus less stressful. For many commuters, the road to and from work is paved with too much traffic and congestion, and not nearly enough time to get where they?re going. Along with reducing statewide traffic congestion, everyone benefits with less crowded roads and cleaner air (Levitan, 1977). On the negative side, an ongoing schedule of ten-hour

days, while it may be the norm for some professionals already, can be physically and mentally draining. Not only is the work week squeezed into a shorter time frame, but, after-work activities must also be wedged into the remaining hours of each work day. Chronic fatigue caused by current work and family conflict time pressures may or may not be offset by the regular day off. Child care coverage to match Work Week 4 your compressed work schedule may also be a challenge. Of course, working parents are not the only ones with a time-pressured lifestyle. Other career professionals with various work and life balance needs, such as eldercare, school, home and business, leisure and community pursuits, have also been drawn away from alternative work schedules (Maklan, 1977). Alternative