Alfred Berhard Nobel Essay Research Paper Alfred — страница 2

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rock had to be broken down with hammers. Alfred and his father began pondering an alternative. Immanuel was already somewhat knowledgeable in regards to blasting rock, since his previous job involved experimenting with such a thing. [Serendipity: Accidental Discoveries in Science]Shortly after, the two toyed with the idea of using nitroglycerine. Mixing glycerin with sulfuric and nitric acid produced a result that was extremely explosive. It was previously discovered in 1847 by the Italian chemist Ascanio Sobrero. [http://www.nobel-enterprises.com/alfred_nobel.html] Alfred knew Ascanio already, having worked with him during his stay in Paris. By 1861, Alfred and Immanuel Nobel were producing nitroglycerin on their own. Within their first few encounters with the substance, they

discovered it was terribly unstable and explosive. So dangerous that Alfred s lab blew up in 1864, killing his younger brother and several others. The explosion was heard all over Stockholm. His reputation was going down in flames. He was having many doubts in himself as an inventor. A bizarre incident a few years later made him realize exactly what others thought of him. [http://www.britannica.com/bcom/eb/article/4/0,5716,57414+1+56007,00.html] Alfred’s brother Ludvig passed away while staying in Cannes, France. His obituary was printed in the French newspapers, only they confused the brothers and thought Alfred had died. One French newspaper’s headline read: Le marchand de la mort est mort, which means, The merchant of death is dead! Alfred read the paper and was crushed.

Now he knew how others really viewed him and his experimenting. He almost gave inventing up but changed his mind after speaking to his father, who gave him many words of inspiration and encouragement. [http://www.britannica.com/bcom/eb/article/4/0,5716,57414+1+56007,00.html] Nobel continued to produce nitroglycerin and the American railroads began to use it to blast out track beds and other of the like. The Europeans were tunneling the Alps with it. Regularly, almost on a day-to-day basis, workmen were being killed by the nitroglycerin. It was unbelievably dangerous, but it was very effective. Not many years later, Alfred began working independently to create a form of nitroglycerin that was stable, one that wouldn t blow up without notice. After many more mishaps with

nitroglycerin and many more deaths, Alfred stumbled upon a solution. While working in his lab, he mistakenly dropped some nitroglycerin into a pile of sawdust at his feet. Alfred thought his life was about to end, but surprisingly it didn t and he lived to market his discovery. He concluded that nitroglycerin would be stable if packed in a soft, dry substance, such as sawdust. [http://www.nobel.se/nobel/Alfred-nobel/biographical/life-work/index.html] He named his newfound product “dynamite,” from the Greek word dynamis, meaning, “power.” [http://www.britannica.com/bcom/eb/article/4/0,5716,57414+1+56007,00.html] His request for patents were granted in Great Britain and issued in 1867. The next year, a patent was issued in the United States. Nobel was becoming famous and

dynamite was being used widely across the world for blasting tunnels, cutting canals, and building railways and roads. [http://www.nobel.se/nobel/Alfred-nobel/biographical/life-work/index.html] To expand his profits Nobel built a network of factories throughout Europe, manufacturing dynamite. Over time he managed to build laboratories and factories in over ninety different places in over twenty different countries. He continued to live in Paris most of his life, but he proceeded to travel all over the world. Although he invented what some would define as “the greatest explosive of all time,” he still longed to invent things. Over the years, he created materials including synthetic rubber and leather, artificial silk, etc. By 1896 he had 355 patents.

[http://www.nobel.se/nobel/Alfred-nobel/biographical/life-work/index.html] Because Alfred Nobel was such an avid inventor and traveled so frequently, it didn t leave much time for his personal life. By the time he was forty-three years old, he described himself as “feeling like an old man.” He wanted a lifelong partner. He placed an add in a newspaper, which read as the following: “Wealthy, highly-educated elderly gentleman seeks lady of mature age, versed in languages, as secretary and supervisor of household.” Several women responded but the most qualified applicant turned out to be an Austrian woman by the name of Countess Bertha Kinsky. [http://www.uh.edu/engines/epi605.htm] She worked for Nobel for a very short time, then chose to return to Austria and marry Count