Alexander The Great Essay Research Paper 2 — страница 2

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love of books. Alexander’s favorite was Homer’s Iliad, which he learned by heart. Throughout his entire life, whereever he was, Alexander slept with two things under his pillow – a dagger for protection and a copy of the Iliad.When Alexander was seventeen, his father left him temporarily in charge of Macedonia while he attended state matters in Greece. While his father was away, a tribe in a northern province, apparently hoping to take advantage of Alexander’s youth and inexperience started a revolt. Alexander gathered his army, marched against the rebels, beat them in battle and captured their chief city. He renamed their city after himself Alexandropolis.By the time Alexander was eighteen, things were not well between his parents. What has started, as a love match

between Philip and Olympias had become a hateful and vengeful relationship. Philip decided to marry again, taking a second Queen. Alexander, who had always had a good relationship with his father, but loved his mother deeply, sided with her. During the next two years Alexander and Philip held a troubled truce. When Philip was assassinated, whispers emerged that his first wife, Olympias was involved in the plot. Within days of Philip’s death, Olympias had her husband’s second wife and her infant son murdered, so as to not shed any doubt on Alexander’s claim to the throne.At twenty, Alexander was king of Macedonia. He set about restoring order in Macedonia and Greece with a vengeance. During this time, a serious revolt broke out in Thebes, a city in Greece. Alexander and his

army marched against Thebes and burned it to the ground. Over thirty thousand Thebans were sold into slavery. In the entire city, Alexander spared only one house – the home of a poet called Pindar, whose poetry Alexander has always liked.The battle of Thebes was the first of many atrocities that Alexander committed. The memory of the battle lingered and Alexander’s reputation spread. He never had any difficulties in keeping the Greeks in line after this campaign.Alexander admired courage in all forms. Many times he spared the lives of people who showed courage in the face of pain or death.In 334 BC, Alexander set out to conquer Persia. No expedition like it had ever been undertaken and few rival it since. Alexander’s army was small by that day’s standard, but it was very

efficient. Alexander was also something of a military genius and he systematically set about to overtake parts of Persia in a series of smaller and victorious battles. He then moved on to Asia Minor, the Mediterranean coast and Egypt. By the time Alexander was twenty-four most of the known world at that time was under his rule.In Egypt, Alexander founded Alexandria, which is still one of the chief world ports today. When Alexandria was completed it was one of the most impressive cities in the world. The streets were lettered or numbered and it was the first city in history to have lights at night.Four years after Alexander set out to conquer Persia he finally met the Persian king in battle. Alexander won. The battle was called the Battle of Arbela and marked the end of Persian

power. Alexander became King of Persia, along with being King of Macedonia, Greece, Egypt and Asia. He was twenty-six.Alexander married when he was twenty-eight. Because he had spent the majority of his time since becoming an adult in Persia, it was no surprise that he married a Persian princess. Everyone knew that Alexander and his Queen were friends and liked each other. But because Alexander spent most of his life surrounded by his male friends, rather than seek relationships with women, the marriage was known as one of duty to produce an heir than a love match for either Alexander or Roxana.Alexander’s battle for India was his last battle of any consequence. He won the battle against the great Indian king, Porus. But Alexander’s army was getting tired. They had been away

from home and fighting for over eight years. After overtaking more than 5000 towns and villages in India, Alexander’s army wanted to go home. They started the long trek back to Macedonia. During this time, the army never lost a battle and they never broke ranks. When they made it to Persia, two major events happened. First, to further his political ties with Persia, especially since he was heading back to Macedonia, Alexander decided to marry another Persian princess. He also orchestrated the marriages of 9000 of his men to Persian women, just to solidify the two countries. Second, he watched his best friend, constant companion and general of his armies’ die of fever. Alexander, mad with grief became a drunken wreck almost overnight. He became manic in his dealings.Alexander