Alcoholism In Young Age Essay Research Paper

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Alcoholism In Young Age Essay, Research Paper Alcoholism and alcohol abuse is a growing problem in our society. Daily, people are injured and killed in alcohol-related accidents and this has an effect on each and every person as a result of these occurrences. Whether we are personally involved or have directly suffered from the activities of someone who is under the influence of alcohol, we all suffer from the negative consequences of alcohol. Since we have those who choose to abuse these privileges we need to develop consequences for them. By learning what leads people to drink alcohol, and how this affects their lives, we can then determine what actions need to be taken to help remove ourselves from our ever-increasing attraction to alcohol. Because the abuse of alcohol

often begins with adolescents and young adults, most research is based around them. At this particular time in life we hope to find out why these young adults choose to drink, and what motivates them to drink. Michael and Rebecca C. Windle, in their research, were able to show several reasons that provided incentives for adolescents to consume alcohol. Using a written survey, it was determined that the high-school students being studied used alcohol to cope with problems in their lives, including "task-oriented", "emotion-oriented", and "avoidance coping (Windle & Windle, 1996, p. 551)." The only major discrepancies in results between the sexes became obvious when it was shown by Windle and Windle that girls were more likely to use alcohol for

avoidance and emotion-oriented coping than were boys, but the boys were more likely to have alcohol problems (Windle & Windle, 1996). Also found was that adolescents drank less often for social reasons than for the aforementioned coping reasons (Windle & Windle, 1996). However, coping motives were responsible for an increased consumption of alcohol (Windle & Windle, 1996). A surprising result of this study was that the students drank more frequently as a result of positive daily events than negative daily events (Windle & Windle, 1996). This suggests that while young people do drink because they are unhappy with certain events in their lives, they are more likely to drink because something good has happened to them recently. Alcoholism is also thought to be passed

genetically from parents to their children. By comparing males with a family history of alcoholism to males with a history without alcoholism, we can determine the relationship between genetics, alcoholism, and alcoholic children. While frequency and quantity of alcoholic consumption of children of alcoholics (COA’s) and non-COA’s were similar, COA’s were more than twice as likely to be diagnostically determined alcoholics than were the non-COA’s (Finnet al., 1997). This shows that one can drink as much as an alcoholic, but not actually be an alcoholic one’s self. This may contribute to a lack of social understanding of alcoholism, as we tend to think of an alcoholic as someone who frequently drinks alcohol, when, instead, the definition of an alcoholic must be changed

to someone genetically pre-disposed to alcoholism or addiction. Another approach to researching alcoholism was exercised by Sher, Wood, Wood and Raskin. They showed the differences between expectancies related to alcohol of COA’s and non-COA’s over a four-year period of time. What was found was that COA’s drank much more frequently to reduce tension, become more social, make activities more interesting and perform better than non-COA’s did (Sher et al., 1996). This could result from a more familiar approach to alcohol, as it presumably had an effect on the early years of each young adult. At the same time, there was a general decrease in drinking for these reasons from the time the study began to its completion four years later (Sher et al., 1996). This research gives us