Alcoholism Essay Research Paper Alcoholism1 What is

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Alcoholism Essay, Research Paper Alcoholism 1. What is alcoholism? 2. How do people become alcoholics? 3. What are the effects of alcoholism? 4. How do you diagnose alcoholism? 5. Is there a cure for alcoholics? 6. What is the treatment? What is alcoholism? Alcoholism is a chronic illness or disorder. Alcohol effects many parts of the body. Alcoholism is also a brain disease.(NIDA 1) There are many stages to alcoholism. The two main stages are abuse and dependence. Alcohol abuse is maladaptive pattern of alcohol use manifested by recurrent and significant adverse consequences related to the repeated use of alcohol.(NIAAA 7) Alcohol dependence involves a cluster of cognitive, behavioral, and physiological symptoms that result from repeated self-administration that usually

results in tolerance, withdrawal, and compulsive drug-taking behavior.(NIAAA 7) There are three types of drinkers. The daily drinker, the weekend drinker, and the binge drinker. Binge drinkers are the most dangerous, they are the most likely to die of alcohol poisoning. How do people become alcoholics? Nobody knows how people become alcoholics. Many people believe that it is a genetic trait passed down. Studies have shown that alcoholism may be genetic. If it is genetic it is in an indirect way. Others say it is a learned maladaptive coping behavior. This means that drinking is a bad coping behavior learned through parents or friends. More than forty percent of people who began drinking at the age of fifteen or before were classified as dependent at some time in their

lives.(NIAAA 7) Compared to people who didn’t drink until the age of twenty- one people who started at age fifteen were twice as likely to develop an abuse problem and four time more likely to develop dependence problems.(NIAAA 7) The risk of alcohol dependence and abuse decreases steadily with each increasing year of age of drinking onset.(Collegian 7) What are the effects of alcoholism? Alcohol has terrible effects on health, family, and work. Other possible effects are intoxication, sensory alteration, and anxiety reduction. Alcohol account for many preventable health conditions.(NIAAA 2) The effects of alcohol on the body are cirrhosis of the liver, loss of brain cells, stomach cancer, depression, tremors, and blackouts. An alcoholic in the family causes many disruptions to

the members of the family. They start arguments and fights by not functioning or being drunk. They either do not attend family gatherings or disrupt them. Some alcoholics can be abusive to other family members. A lot of families find themselves in financial trouble, caused by the alcoholic using most of the money to buy alcohol. Kids of an alcoholic suffer the most, listening to arguments and being the blame of their parents drinking. The kids often feel at fault causing depression. Alcoholism causes excessive absences at work. This is a sign of interference. Interference occurs when the alcohol means more than the problems it causes.(”Alcoholism Defined”1) Absences at work causes loss of money for both the employee and the employer. Up to forty percent of industrial

fatalities and forty seven percent of industrial injuries can be linked to alcohol consumption and alcoholism. Alcoholism also impairs productivity at work. Alcohol seriously effects one out of every ten Americans. It is the cause of more deaths, violence, family disruption, and job absenteeism than any other substance. How do you diagnose alcoholism? Alcoholism is a tough disease for doctors to diagnose. It is hard to diagnose because any of the physical effects can be viewed as another medical problem. The alcoholic is in denial and is not going to tell the doctor how much they drink unless asked. Most doctors don’t even ask how much they drink. The best way to diagnose the problem is to do it your self. Dr. John Ewing developed a questionnaire that has become an