Alcohol Research Assignment Essay Research Paper Alcohol

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Alcohol Research Assignment Essay, Research Paper Alcohol Dependence: Comprehension and Application.Outline the physiological effects of alcohol consumption, both short-term and Long-term: Short Term: The immediate effect of alcohol consumption is the alteration of mood. It may be surprising to discover that though it makes people feel a sense of euphoria, happiness and relaxation, it is in-fact, a depressant. The direct result of alcohol in the bloodstream causes impairment of motor co-ordination and suppresses central nervous system activity, which gives the impression of clumsiness and can lead to alcohol related accidents. The more intoxicated the person becomes the further their speech becomes slurred, vision blurred and loss of balance. Further more it switches off that

part of the brain that controls judgement, leading to loss of inhibitions. This impairs the person?s decision making which can result in greater risk taking. However drinking in large doses can result in the suppression of vital bodily functions which can lead to coma, or even death. Additionally a drunken person vomiting while passed out, can lead to death by asphyxiation. Alcohol also impairs the memory of an intoxicated person by inhibiting the transfer and consolidation of information in long and short-term memory. Therefore this reduces the drinker?s ability to remember information that he/she has learned before going out for drinks. Furthermore, the attention span of the drinker is dramatically decreased for periods of up to forty-eight hours after drinking. This can

further affect the academic performance of a student and his/her ability to study outside of class. REM and deep sleep is also suppressed (extremely important for restful sleep, memory consolidation and emotional well being. Thus when REM is suppressed it will give a feeling of tiredness when waking up the morning after being intoxicated. Alcohol use also impairs the functioning of the immune system?weakening the body?s ability to fight off infectious disease. In the short term this will increase the number of colds that the drinker experiences. Long term: Drinking for prolonged periods of time can have detrimental effects on the human body. Since alcohol is in fact a poisonous substance, having it circulating in the body will contribute to severe intestinal dysfunction. However,

although alcohol alone is not the sole cause of the problems outlined below, it simply increases the risk of developing certain diseases/dysfunctions. Brain Memory Loss Confusion, Disorganisation Hallucinations, Fits Permanent brain damage Impaired ability to learn new things Liver Impaired liver functions Severe swelling and pain Inflamed liver (hepatitis) Largely irreversible cirrhosis (scarring) Liver cancer Intestines Inflammation Bleeding Ulcers Pancreas Painful Inflammation Bleeding Muscles Weakness Loss of muscle tissue Heart High blood pressure Irregular pulse Damaged heart muscle Stomach Lining becomes inflamed Bleeding Ulcers Nervous System Loss of sensation in hands and feet caused by damaged nerves (tingling) General Weight gain Mood and personality changes Drink

related accidents Feeling anxious or ?nervy? Missing work due to hangovers, headaches Family arguments Impotence Describe the differences between drinking and binge drinking:Binge drinking is the term to describe heavy drinking within a short period of time or drinking unremittingly over period of days or weeks. It can also be outlined in terms of standard drinks, being five or more drinks in one day for men and three or more drinks in one day for women. Binge drinking can be exceptionally harmful to the body as it causes immense strain on the liver to process excessive amounts of alcohol during one period. Normal drinking however, is the opposite of this and can be outlined as drinking moderately and is more constant over a period of time. Describe the social consequences of