Alcohol And The Effects On Behavior Essay — страница 2

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al., The subjects which were used in the experiments were ACAs, ACAs college students. One the basis of the information given in these articles, alcohol does effect you in some way. The purpose of this survey is to see if having a predisposition to alcohol has a greater or lesser effect on student?s mathematics and grammar skills. The hypothesis is that one glass of alcohol will have a lesser effect on those students from families of alcoholic parents. Methods Subject: A total of 12 students participated in the experiment, including six students from families with parents who are alcoholics (Dependent Variable) and six students not from families with parents who are alcoholics (Independent Variable). Students also had to take a Breath Alizer test in which they could not read past

0.01 on the Breath Alizer. Materials: The following materials were administered individually to all students. All students were given a pretest in mathematics and grammar, a glass of alcohol, and posttest in mathematics and grammar, and a Breath Alizer test. The mathematics test will consist of the four basic arithmetic (adding, subtraction, division and multiplication) to guarantee that nothing else will be measured. The grammar test will consist of a sentence completion test. The verb in each sentence will be left out and the student must use the correct verb and present or past tense of the verb. Procedure: All students were interviewed individually in their dorm. They were unaware of the groups that they were being placed in for the investigation. Consent to participate was

given by all students. Students then received their glass of alcohol and drank until each subject reached 0.01 on the Breath Alizer. A test was then given in mathematics and grammar, and second test was given in a week, with an another glass of alcohol and Breath Alizer test. Result: The results of this study were analyzed by using the T-test. The scores were analyzed to see if having a predisposition to alcohol has a greater effect on ones mathematics was 95 and the mean score for non-alcoholic parents was 91.67. The data for the independent T test were T= -.21 (SD= 8783.3), with a standard error of 18.74, DF+10, and P*.o5 results were not significant. The number of students in each group was six. For the participants who did not come from parents of alcoholic parents the means

score for grammar was 80. The data from the Independent T test were T=0, with standard error 16.1 (SD= 6466.66), DF=10 and P*.05, results were not significant. Discussion: The hypothesis was not supported One glass of alcohol does not have a lesser effect on those students from families of alcoholic parents. A total of 12 students participated in the experiment, including six students from families with parents who were alcoholics and six students not from families with parents who were alcoholics. Reference Cooper, A. and McCormack, A.W. (1992) Short ? Term Group Treatment for Adult Children of Alcoholics: Journal of Counseling Psychology. 39 (3), 350-355. Cornelius, M.S., Richardson G.A., Day, N.L., Cornelius, J.R., Geva, D. and Taylor, P.M. (1994) A Comparison of Parental

drinking in two Recent Samples of Adolescents and Adults: Journal of Studies on Alcohol. 55 (4), 412-419. D?Avanzo, C.E., Frye, B. and Forman, R. (1994) Exploring Factors Influencing Alcohol Consumption Patterns among Chinese and Caucasians: Journal of Studies on Alcohol. 55 (4), 427-433. Hall, W.J., Bolen M.L., and Wester E.R. (1994) Adjustment Issues With Adult Children of Alcoholics: Journal of Clinical Psychology. 50 (5), 786-791 Lashubeck, S. and Christensen, A.S. (1992) Differences is Distress among Adult children of alcoholics: Journal of Counseling Psychology. 39 (3), 356-362. Reese, F.L., Chassin, L. and Molin, B.S.G. (1994) Alcohol Expectancles in Early Adolescent: Predicting Drinking Behavior form Alcohol Expectancies and parental alcoholism: Journal of Studies on

Alcohol. 55 (3), 276-284. Wheatherspoon, A.J., Dranko, G.P. and Johnson, R.C. (1994) Alcohol Consumption and use Norms among Chinese Americans and Korean Americans: Journal of Studies on alcohol. 55 (2), 203-206. Wechsler, H., Isaac, N.E., Grodstein, F. and sellers, D.E. (1994) Continuation and Initiation of Alcohol Use from the First to the Second Year of College: Journal of Studies of Alcohol 55 (1), 41-45. Winokur, G., Cook, B. and Fowler, R. (1993) Alcoholism in Manic Depressive Bipolar patients: Journal of Studies on Alcohol 54 (5), 574-576. Wright, D.M. and Heppener, P.P. (1993) Examining the Well Being Of Nonclinical College Students: Journal of Counseling Psychology. 40 (3), 324-334. Reference Cooper, A. and McCormack, A.W. (1992) Short ? Term Group Treatment for Adult