Alan Greenspan S Effect On Ame Essay

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Alan Greenspan S Effect On Ame Essay, Research Paper Congress established the Federal Reserve, the central bank of the United States, in 1913 to provide the country with a more secure, more flexible, and more stable monetary and financial system. Presently, the Federal Reserve’s duties fall into four general areas: (1) conducting the nation’s monetary policy; 2) supervising and regulating banking institutions and protecting the credit rights of consumers; (3) maintaining the stability of the financial system; and (4) providing certain financial services to the U.S. government, the public, financial institutions, and foreign official institutions, including playing a major role in operating the nation’s payments system. The seventy-three year old Republican has headed

the Federal Reserve since Ronald Reagan appointed him in 1987. Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan may be the most omnipotent unelected official in Washington and the most powerful person when it comes to directing the U.S. economy. As Federal Reserve Board chairperson, Greenspan leads two committees: its Board of Governors, which manages regulation and administrative matters, and its Federal Open Market Committee, which controls the real authority over the economy. One of its areas of influence is determining at what interest rates the government will lend out money, a decision that can hurry or shrink the economy, and can increase or reduce inflation rates. Alan Greenspan was born March 6, 1926 in New York City and received a Bachelors degree in economics in 1948, a Masters

degree in economics in 1950, and a Ph.D. in economics in 1977, entirely from New York University. Afterwards, he attended Columbia University to perform advanced graduate study under the teachings of Arthur F. Burns, a notable economist. Greenspan then taught at New York University from 1953 to 1955 and formed a consulting firm where from 1954 to 1974 and from 1977 to 1987 Dr. Greenspan was Chairman and President of Townsend-Greenspan & Co., Inc. His friendship with Ayn Rand and her objectivism philosophy deeply influenced him. Rand s objectivism philosophy supports laissez-faire capitalism and encourages rational selfishness. During Richard Nixon s 1968 presidential campaign, Greenspan became an adviser due to Rand s insistence. He continued to advise President Nixon

earnestly until he became the chairperson of the Council of Economic Advisers in 1974. Greenspan remained at the council throughout Gerald Ford s 1974-1977 administration, during which he was reducing inflation with his policies while also leading to a recession, which perhaps was the cause of Ford s defeat for reelection. From 1981 to 1983 Greenspan was the chairperson of the National Commission on Social Security Reform and served on the boards of numerous national companies. President Ronal Reagan appointed him the chairperson of the Federal Reserve in 1987. Being a moderate Republican, he believed in deregulation of the banking industry and resisted government interference in the economy, especially during the recession crisis of the early 1990s. Greenspan was re-appointed to

his second term as head of the Federal Reserve Board in January of 1992. He opposed tax cuts because he believed that they would assist to the growing federal deficit and endorsed President Bill Clinton s 1993 deficit-reduction programs with the hesitance that spending cuts were much better than tax increases. Greenspan s third term as chairperson of the Federal Reserve Board started June 20, 1996 and will end June 20, 2000. Greenspan’s actions sometimes irritate the Clinton Administration, which would like to see a bit faster growth and a bit lower interest rates, but those can lead to high inflation, which Greenspan loathes above all else. Greenspan has been a member of Time magazine’s Board of Economists, a senior adviser to the Brookings Panel on Economic Activity, and a