AIDS Report Essay Research Paper What is — страница 2

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down. More severe symptoms may not surface for a decade or more after HIV first enters the body in adults, or within two years in children born with HIV. Some people may have symptoms within a few months, where others may be symptom free for more than 10 years. As the immune system deteriorates, a variety of complications begin to surface. One of the fist highly noticeable symptoms experienced is the large lymph node that may be enlarged for more than three months. Other symptoms often experience months to years before the onset of AIDS PreventionTo prevent transmission of HIV, sexual conduct with anyone that is infected or might be infected with the virus must be avoided. The most effective preventive strategies are to refrain from all sexually intimacy or restrict sexual

intimacy to one uninfected partner. Health authorities recommend that a condom be used every time sexual occurs with a person who is infected with HIV or whose infection is unknown. Drug users should seek help to stop taking drugs and should never share needles, syringes, or other injection equipment. Also, women during pregnancy and labor to their newborn babies should not breast feed their infants. Treatment/ complicationsTreatments have been developed, but no cures for HIV or AIDS have yet been found. Scientists have worked to understand how HIV infects and damages human cells since AIDS was identified. From this they created a drug called AZT and other similar drugs that block an enzyme called reverse transcripts to reproduce. AZT and other reverse transcript inhibitors

produce toxic side effects, including severe anemia that requires blood transfusions. HIV also develops resistance to these drugs when they are given singly. Doctors combine the drugs and vary the order in which they are given to improve their effectiveness. High-risk groups/ Numbers/ Who gets it?In the United States, 513,486 cases of people with AIDS had been reported to the center of Disease Control and Prevention. Among these individuals, 319,849 had died by the end of 1995. AIDS is now the leading killer of people aged 15 to 44 in this country. World wide and estimated 27.9 million people had become HIV infected through mid 1996 and 7.7 million had developed AIDS. Various projections indicate that by the year 2000 (NOW) between 40 and 110 million people worldwide will be HIV

infected. This epidemic is growing more rapidly among minoritypopulations and is a leading killer in African American males. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control the prevalence of AIDS is six times higher in African Americans and three times higher among Hispanics than among whites. HIV and AIDS also effect a great deal of homosexual and bisexual men, but is becoming more frequent among heterosexual men and women.