Aids Essay Research Paper IntroductionAIDS as everyone

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Aids Essay, Research Paper Introduction AIDS, as everyone knows, is one of the most serious diseases in the world, which scientists and experts have been struggling since people found the first patient. And nobody has any dissent about HIV can course AIDS-this was truth and was proved for a long time. But recently, the South African president Thabo Mbeki gave people new idea-HIV may not course AIDS. In this assignment, I will say something about AIDS, Society and Science. AIDS Definition About twenty years ago, healthy young men began to die in large numbers form an unknown disease. With the knowledge of unusual systemic infections accumulated, and the development of technology, in 1981, studies indicated that these patients had suddenly and inexplicably lost their normal

immunity to disease. They had an illness for which modern medicine had no name and, in our ignorance, we called it Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome-or AIDS(Cahill,1983). HIV In June 1981, AIDS was believed to be caused by HIV, the human immunodeficiency virus. HIV has been found in blood, semen, saliva, tears, nervous system tissue, breast milk, and female genital tract secretions; however, only blood, semen, female genital tract secretions, and breast milk have been proven to transmit infection to others. Transmission of the virus occurs through sexual contact including oral, vaginal, and anal sex; via blood through transfusions or needle sharing; and from a pregnant women to the fetus or a nursing mother to her baby. Other transmission methods are rare and include accidental

needle injury, artificial insemination through donated semen, and kidney transplantation through the donated kidney. The infection is NOT spread by casual contact such as hugging and touching, by inanimate objects such as dishes or toilet seats, or by mosquitoes. It is not transmitted to a person who donates blood (although it can be transmitted from the blood to the person receiving the transfusion–this is why blood banks screen donors and test the blood thoroughly); it is also not transmitted to a person who, for example, donates a kidney for transplantation. HIV invades a person’s white blood cells and disables the body’s immune system. The weakened immune system is unable to fight off diseases, including those that are otherwise not serious or deadly. These barious

illnesses, which are collectively labeled “AIDS”, eventually result in death(Roleff,1998). People who have HIV in their bodies, but who don’t yet show any signs of illness, are called HIV positive. HIV may remain undetected that produce no symptoms for up to 10 years before a person is diagnosed with AIDS, the person may look and feel quite healthy. When the virus becomes more active and starts to cause ill health. When the virus become more active and starts to cause ill health. We say that the person is developing AIDS itself, often called full-blown AIDS.(Bevon,1988) Prevention Prevention of AIDS requires self-discipline and strength of character. The requirements often seem personally restrictive but they are effective and can save lives. 1. Do not have sexual

intercourse with: people known or suspected to be infected with AIDS multiple partners a person who has multiple partners people who use IV drugs 2. Do not use intravenous drugs. If IV drugs are used, do not share needles or syringes. Avoid exposure to blood from injuries, nosebleeds, and so on, where the HIV status of the bleeding individual is unknown. Protective clothing, masks, and goggles may be appropriate when caring for people who are injured. 3. People with AIDS or asymptomatic individuals who have a positive antibody test may pass the disease on to others and should not donate blood, plasma, body organs, or sperm. From a legal, ethical, and moral standpoint, they should warn any prospective sexual partner of their HIV positive status. They should not exchange body