AIDS And The Budget Essay Research Paper — страница 2

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knowledge about the disease, and poverty is high. Blacks account for more than half the new HIV infections. (Clinton Outlines new AIDS Initiative). Most people do not know that Blacks are eight times more likely than whites to contract the virus while Hispanics are four times more likely. (Clinton Outlines new AIDS Initiative). These communities are not being educated properly in regard to danger and prevention of this disease. The deaths in the country as a whole has dropped, but among the minorities, it has dropped more slowly. There is a misconception among Blacks also, most of them only believe that the gay community is affected by the disease, and they do not realize they too are at risk. There are already many programs which assist and help Black and Hispanics, such as AIDS

project Los Angeles and The Latino Commission on AIDS. They even make up half the patients that helps pay for powerful, but expensive protease inhibitor drugs (affect the genetic material of the virus and inhibit the ability of the virus to reproduce). This initiative towards the color communities will provide a new pot of grant money which is targeted at minority communities. Federal officials also plan to set up teams to help communities set up programs to help Blacks and Hispanics at risk for AIDS, and also those who already have the disease. Increasing awareness through targeted programs will very likely reduce the number of minorities with HIV/AIDS. Women are also at a high risk for contracting the disease. AIDS Project of Los Angeles reported that women are less likely to

have any knowledge about and access to combination therapy (therapy including drugs and medicines, and physical or psychological therapies). Those who do have access to therapies, have shown a decrease in depression, anxiety and pain, and have an increased quality of life. This was especially found to be true in women of color. (Congressional Briefing On The Impact Of AIDS On Communities Of Color) Data suggests that more support groups and programs for women could be useful because they are more likely then a man to contract the HIV virus. It is possible, but very hard for a man to contract the HIV virus from a woman. That is true because a man?s bodily fluids are dissposed into a woman?s body, while the woman?s fluids have a very slim chance to get into a man?s body, unless

through oral sex. Increasing care for the women with HIV is just as important as increasing it for anyone else. With the great risk of a child receiving the HIV virus from his or her mother, there also needs to be increased care for those individuals too. Mary Ellis Donaldson was a person who worked with children who were infected with AIDS, and she discovered a lot of things about them. The group of kids she worked with, were children living in a shelter, who had been abandoned by their parents, and were cared for by volunteers. She states, "most, if not all of them, had any idea that they had very limited time to live. They knew that they felt sick and tired a lot of times but they also saw that there were plenty of people at the Shelter who cared about them and wanted to

be with them." (AIDS "Testimonial") This shows that children, just like everyone else, need special attention, and with more funding, there can be bigger, and even better shelters for children struggling with the disease. Mary Ellis Donaldson fought to have a certain shelter be put up in her community, and if more people were to suggest shelters, and decide to speak up, they could be built, and more children can be cared for, and shown that they are loved. Not only will all infected individuals be affected by changes in the budget but HMO?s will also be greatly affected. Doctors who are on budgets fixed by HMO?s, most likely want healthy patients on their plans, so they can make a profit. There are few diseases as finacially deadly as AIDS, so doctors do not want

to put those patients with the disease, on their HMO. On average, an AIDS patient costs around thirty-six times more then the average HMO patient. Dr. Bary Siegel said "we need nice healthy people who rarely need healthcare." (AIDS, other costly diseases challenge HMO Plans) To make money on budget means you need healthy people who do not need healthcare. They are not paying big amounts of money to pay for someone?s medical treatment. Dr. Siegel?s medical practice, the Sutter Medical Group, loses money with the more HIV-positive HMO patients he enrolls, although he seems to like the challenge. Health care leaders in 1997, were planning to pay HMO?s less money if they enrolled healthy patients, and more if they enrolled sick patients. Some researchers have said that it