Aids And Africa Essay Research Paper The — страница 3

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percent of children born to HIV women were infected. While in developing countries, the average is between 25 percent and 35 percent. Breastfeeding practices and access to drugs for reducing mother-to-child transmission are the two major reasons for this difference. ?In developing countries, between one-third and half of all HIV infections in young children are acquired through breastmilk? (WHO, 48). There are three reasons for this. First, the mother generally has no idea that she is infected. Second, a woman may choose to breastfeed her baby regardless of knowing in order to protect the infant against a whole range of other infections. Also, it is convenient, approved by most cultures, and free. And third, if artificial feeding is chosen, the mother must take chances on the

water-supply that may expose her child to other deadly diseases. Fortunately though, developing countries are providing information about sage infant feeding to HIV-infected woman who are pregnant. In developing countries rather than Western society, they have a mentality much more diverse. Western societies have the luxury of preventing illness and death, the knowledge, and reason with a life expectancy of 75. In developing countries, the worry more about survival of the present moment which can mean that they face death from AIDS in five years from prostitution or death from starvation tomorrow from lack of money. In many cases, if the wife is persistent in condom use, she is threatened with the husband leaving her for another female. In which case, the wife would then be put

out on the streets to face starvation or begin prostitution. This cycle can only be broken by education, which may not be enough still. Baer, Hans., et al. ?Medical Anthropology and the World System.? A Critical Perspective Ch. 8: p159-269. Stine, Gerald J. ?Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome?