Adult Deviance And Conduct Disorder Essay Research — страница 2

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geographical area which could skew the results considering the social and cultural differences. The data taken from this study did support the hypothesis. There are alternative ways that some of the results could be explained such as conduct disorder as a child might be a precursor for later deviance but it could be related to more biological reasons. The conduct disorder as a child could be caused by biological reasons therefore causing the later deviance. Kratzer, L., Hodgins, S. (1997) . Adult Outcomes of Child Conduct Problems: A Cohort Study. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. 25, 65-81. This study was done to look at the incidence of child conduct problems and the effects it has when the child becomes as adult. The present study tries to answer the question whether

childhood conduct problems start the course for later disorders in adults. The sample was separated into three groups, those who exhibited conduct problems only at school, those who did so in the community, and those who did so in both settings. The hypothesis that the authors chose was that children with conduct problems are at high risk for major mental disorders. The authors suspect that there research will provide results proving that children with conduct problems will later develop more problems with conduct as an adult and possible major mental illnesses. The sample in this composed of all 15, 117 persons born in Stockholm in 1953 and residing there in 1963. 94% of the participants were still alive and residing in Sweden at the end of the 30 year follow up period. The

participants were reported on by their teachers on a scale of three, ranging from no problems to severe problems. The measures used in this study were as follows; Mental Disorders: The Stockholm register was screened in order to document all admissions to psychiatric wards. Social Class: The social class of the individuals family of origin was indexed using Swedish norms. Pregnancy Complications; Complications during pregnancy were scored accounting their severity. Birth Complications: Any complications during birth were also scored on account of their severity. Birth Weight: The birth weight of the participant was measured in hectograms. Family Problems: All reports of family problems were taken from the Child Welfare Committee. Individual problems: Problems such as adjustment

issues were scored and taken from child welfare agencies. For the overall sample prevalence of conduct problems was low. Only 7.2% of males and 2.1% of females were scored as having conduct problems. For the criminality and mental disorders there were not only more offenders among males but more than any other group. Males identified for conduct problems in childhood, as compared to the males with no history of conduct problems, were found to be at increased risk for crime and substance abuse in adulthood. In conclusion to the study the following evidence suggests that children with conduct disorder may be at risk for major mental disorders. Other outcomes also show that children with conduct problems also have a higher incidence of criminality as an adult. Antisocial personality

disorder in adulthood is almost always preceded by conduct disorder in childhood. In this study, the data did support the researchers hypothesis that childhood conduct disorder leads to adult criminality and mental disorder. Some weaknesses do exist in this study such as biased sample by taking high risk participants and relying on self reports by adults on the child?s behavior. It is unsure that childhood conduct problems is associated with adult deviance because of the sample used. The norms for this study were good because they were set for the norms of Sweden.