Adult Deviance And Conduct Disorder Essay Research

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Adult Deviance And Conduct Disorder Essay, Research Paper Running Head: ADULT DEVIANCE AND CONDUCT DISORDER The Relationship Between Childhood Deviance and Adult Deviance William T. Mahan II Neumann College Psych 301: Research Methods I November 5, 2000 Introduction The current study is a correlation design. This design will be used to find if there is a relationship between childhood conduct problems or deviance and adult deviance. Deviance for childhood will be defined as any psychological issues, conduct problems in school, such as physical fighting or lashing out in anger to teachers or peers, deviance for adults will be defined as any form of a criminal record and any form of a psychiatric record. Loeber, R., Green, S.L., Lahey, B.B. (2000) . Physical Fighting in

Childhood as a Risk Factor for Later Mental Health Problems. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 39, 421-428. This journal article discusses physical fighting as a child, as a risk factor for later mental health problems. In some studies of this behavior it is shown that there is a strong correlation between physical fighting as a child and adult mental health problems. In this study the author is attempting to answer three main questions. 1. Does the prevalence of boys? fighting in a clinical sample differ by informant or by age cohort? How high is the persistence of physical fighting over a 7-year period, and does it differ by age? What proportion of boys who fight stop fighting? 2. Does persistent physical fighting predict later conduct disorder

and mental health problems, and are multiple informant ratings a better predictor than a single informant rating of fighting. 3. Does a combination of previously defined risk factors other than fighting better predict later mental health problems? The authors hypothesis is that persistent physical fighting is a risk factor for later mental health problems, such as dysthymia and anxiety disorders. The authors expected that children who were in many physical fights over a period of time(7yrs.) were more likely to have mental health problems later in adulthood. The sample for this study was a longitudinal study of 177boys. These boys were gathered having disruptive behavior disorders. The participants were 7 to 12 years of age. The sample was composed of white(70%) and

african-americans(30%). The procedures for this experiment were to conduct an annual assessment between 1987 and 1994. It was conducted with the boy and his parents. The test given to the participants in the interviews was a parallel version of the National Institute of Mental Health Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children(DISC.) The test was also modified to include all DSM III-R symptoms. The diagnostic procedure used 2 clinicians who independently reviewed reports of the participants symptoms. Through this study it yielded that 24.4% had ADHD, 36.6%had ODD, 12.2% had OAD, 12.2% had MDE, 10.5% had SAD, 4.1% had DYS, 2.9%, had ENU, and 1.2% had ENC. These disorders were recorded after and during the 7 year period. In conclusion, to the study it was shown that persistent

fighters of having 2 or more diagnosis during year 7 was more than 3 times higher than the prevalence among non-fighters according to the results of the reports given from the interviewers. Persistent fighters were more likely than non-fighters to have Conduct Disorder in year 7. The present article has both strengths and weaknesses. In this article the boys were gathered from clinics where they were reported to have already had problems. This is an issue because the boys socioeconomic status was not accounted for nor was any traumatic events that might have taken place during the time of testing. Also interviewing annually leaves to much time for other variables to harm the research. The assessment was not continuous through the 7 year period. The sample was also taken from one