Adrienne Rich — страница 2

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fragments during children’s naps, brief hours in a library or at 3:00 A.M. after rising with a wakeful child”(611). “Snapshots of a Daughter-in-Law” is a poem about a woman who is hearing voices that are telling her to resist and rebel but can not obey them. The woman wants to rebel against society but she will not, because society does not accept this kind of behavior. Rich still writes the poem in the traditional way. The woman in this poem thinks about rebelling but does not actually rebel; therefore Rich is still accepting the oppression on women. Until this poem Rich tried not to identify herself as a female poet. She still does not use the pronoun “I”; the woman in the poem is always addressed as “she”. In the poem there is a connection between the character

and the author. Rich writes about what she is personally experiencing and how she feels about her life. The voices in the poem are really the woman’s thoughts and the woman’s thoughts are really Rich’s thoughts questioning the views of society on woman. Rich’s questioning of the views placed on women is an awakening of the mind. The character in the poem is being a conscious being, she is questioning how things are. In this poem though, Rich does not the have the courage to let the reader know that the character in the poem is really herself. The poem “Planetarium” was written after Rich went to a real planetarium and encountered the work of an astronomer named Caroline Hershel. Hershel worked with her brother on discovering comets but was not recognized as her

brother was for her work. This demonstrates the domineering grip that man and society had on a woman during this time. Rich wrote this poem thinking of Caroline Herschel and other women who have been oppressed by society. Unlike the other two poems, “Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers,” and “Snapshots of a Daughter-in-Law,” Rich does not write in the traditional style. Her poem is written in free-style and it is spaced out. Finally, in this poem Rich becomes bolder and she uses the word “I” to make the character and the author become one person. In this poem Rich transformed the way of writing. She broke away from traditional views to form her own style. Rich finally identifies herself as a female writer and has the courage to write exactly how she feels. In this poem Rich

writes about her feelings and thoughts on women breaking from society. She makes women realize what society has done to them. Therefore the poem becomes feminist, the theme of the poem is for women to break from the traditional views of society, which encourages women to think for themselves and to question things. In her essay “When We Dead Awaken: Writing as Re-Vision”, Rich uses a “dialogue” with her work to demonstrate the transformations in her writing. There are three of Rich’s voices throughout the whole essay. One of the voices is the critic, the second is the author of the poems and the third is the writer of the essay. Rich criticizes and critiques her own poems to demonstrate the differences in her writing. She transformed language by breaking the traditional

views and by writing about man’s power over women. At first it prevented her from writing the way she wanted just because she was a woman. Society did not expect a women to have a job as a writer instead writing was considered as a hobby for women. Rich had been taught that society considered poetry to be “universal” meaning non-female. Because Rich had been taught that poetry was “universal” it was very hard for her to write the things that she wanted too. Rich lost herself to society, becoming a mother and a wife and not being able to write as much as she liked. After a couple of years she divorced her husband and found herself again. As a result, Rich is her own teacher. She taught herself to have the courage to rebel against society and become a conscious being.

Rich, Adrienne. “When We Dead Awaken: Writing as Re-Vision”. Ways of Reading. Ed. John Sullivan. Boston: Bedford, 1999. 601-615.