Adolescent Sexuality Essay Research Paper Adolescent SexualitySexuality

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Adolescent Sexuality Essay, Research Paper Adolescent Sexuality Sexuality is an important aspect of development during adolescence. The ability to identify and communicate with adolescent who may be at high risk of premature activity is important since sexual intercourse at an early age can have serious short and long-term consequences. An emphasis of confidentiality and an honest appraisal of implications of early sexual activity will enhance discussions about sexual issues with adolescents. Some parents are ill prepared for discussions about sexuality. Having conversations with their adolescent on sexuality may be difficult for them. Many adolescents claim both experience and confidence about sexual issues, they are often uncomfortable about discussing sexuality, both with

adults and their peers. Pressure from peers may leave them wondering whether they are normal, and unhealthy. It becomes crucial that their family creates opportunities for conversations about sexuality with adolescents. Persons aged twelve to nineteen or twelve percent make up the United States population. Approximately fifty to sixty percent of adolescent girls and seventy to seventy-five percent of adolescent boys have had sexual intercourse by the time they graduate from high school (Cutrona & Troutman 1997). There are also a growing number of adolescents having sexual intercourse before the age of thirteen (Comerci & MacDonald1996). One study conducted in a Mid-western town found that fifty-three percent of adolescents under the age of fourteen were having sexual

intercourse. The consequences of early sexual intercourse can not be avoided by society. Physical, emotional, and social consequences have a short and long-term impact on the development of adolescents. Forty-percent of all adolescent females will become pregnant before they graduate from high school (Comerci & MacDonald 1996). Almost fifty-percent of the 1.1 million teenage pregnancies each year will end in abortion or miscarriage. The 500,00 births occurring in adolescent girls, 31,000 occur in girls under fifteen (Shafer & Sweet 1995). Sexually transmitted diseases have both short and long term consequences. In recent study fifteen to nineteen year olds accounted for twenty-four percent of all reported cases of gonorrhea (Orr, Wilbrant, & Brack 1998). The incidence

of chalmydia of infertility is reported to be five to thirty percent in sexually active teenagers (Orr, Wilbrandt & Brack 1998). A DNA study shows human paillomavirus (HPV) or genital warts is present in eighteen to thirty-three percent in sexually active females aged fourteen to twenty-four (Orr, Wilbrandt & Brandt 1998). Racial and socioeconomic differences put some populations at an even higher risk for sexually transmitted diseases. Sexually active African American women are at twice the risk of developing pelvic inflammatory disease than Caucasian women. Persons aged thirteen to twenty-one represent one percent of all cases of acquired immuno-deficiecny syndrome (Comerci & MacDonald 1996). Because of the long period between exposure to human immunodefciency virus

(HIV), and the people who are seropostive, the number of adolescents who are presumed to be HIV positive is higher than the number living with AIDS. Adolescents with AIDS live predominately in urban areas, and the percentages of youth with AIDS are minorities. There used to be an early belief that HIV transmission was primarily limited to homosexual populations, but in present days heterosexual contact is the mode of transmission in many cases of HIV among adolescents. Seldom addressed are the psychological and social risks of early sexual intercourse in adolescents. Adolescents who have intercourse at an early age do for several reasons including peer pressure, anger at parents, and sometimes curiosity. They are poorly prepared in these situations to work out healthy patterns of