Adjustment Disorder With Depressed Mood Essay Research

  • Просмотров 262
  • Скачиваний 12
  • Размер файла 16
    Кб

Adjustment Disorder With Depressed Mood Essay, Research Paper Running Head: ADJUSTMENT DISORDER WITH DEPRESSED MOOD CAUSE Adjustment Disorder with Depressed Mood, Cause and Affect Abstract Research was conducted to investigate Adjustment Disorder with Depressed Mood, and some causes, affects, and treatment approaches. Not all individuals manifest or demonstrate the same depressive symptoms, which can make it difficult for clinicians to diagnose and treat. The American Psychiatric Association has categorized various depressive disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders fourth edition (DSM-IV, 1994). Researchers have investigated the validity of the DSM diagnostic criteria over the years, and have studied various treatment approaches. The treatment

approach found to be most effective and used most often for treating depression is Cognitive and Behavior therapy. Adjustment Disorder with Depressed Mood, Cause and Affect Depression is not unique to our culture it is found throughout the world. Mezzich and Raab (1980), report that they found comparable depressive severity’s in samples from Austria, Czechoslovakia, England, Germany, Japan, Switzerland and the United States. Depression is a term that covers a wide range of emotional states. Klerman (cited in Marsella, Hirschfeld & Katz, 1987) said that “as a normal mood, depression is almost universal in human experience; for example, not to grieve after the loss of a loved one is somehow less than human” (p.3). Depression can range in severity from normal everyday

moods of sadness, to psychotic episodes with increased risk of suicide (Gotlib & Colby, 1987). Depression has been identified as the most common psychiatric symptoms found in hospital settings (Rodin & Voshart, 1986). It is estimated that depression accounts for 75% of all hospitalizations, and more than 100 million people in the world develop clinically recognizable depression (Gotlib & Colby, 1987). The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), helps clinicians identify the various depressive disorders (Snyder, Strain & Wolf, 1990). The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders fourth edition (DSM IV), identifies clinical depressive disorders by diagnostic categories. Adjustment Disorder with Depressed Mood is the diagnostic term

used in the DSM IV, to identify a relatively mild form of depression (DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 1994). The focus of this research paper is on Adjustment Disorder with Depressed Mood, and the treatment approach found to be the most effective. This research will include: (a) DSM-IV: validity of diagnostic criteria, (b) Adjustment Disorder with Depressed Mood: cause & affect, and (c) treatment approaches: effective methods. DSM-IV: validity of diagnostic criteria Clinicians need to be able to differentiate between various depressive disorders in order to properly diagnose and treat them. The information in the DSM-IV allows clinicians to differentiate between the normal depressive mood state and those abnormal states that merit clinical intervention (DSM-IV;

American Psychiatric Association, 1994). How valid are the criteria in the DSM-IV? Over the years there have been several studies conducted that have validated the DSM classification system and the diagnostic criteria for adjustment disorders, which includes Adjustment Disorder with Depressed Mood (Snyder, Strain & Wolf, 1990; Andresen & Wasek, 1980; Andresen & Hoenk, 1982). The DSM-IV not only specifies the criterion that assists clinicians differentiate between various depressive states, it helps identify some of the cause and affects of the disorders. Adjustment Disorder with Depressed Mood: cause & affect The cause and affects of Adjustment Disorder with Depressed Mood are essentially described within the diagnostic features. The DSM-IV states that: The